People were already angry about taxes, and the lack of food and work only aroused the people even more. Then, the ideas from the Enlightenment convinced the people that the government was corrupt and denying people of their natural rights. Ultimately, the financial condition of the government leading to the taxation crisis, the downturn in economic activity, and the ideas of the Enlightenment were the three mos vital reasons in causing the French Revolution.
During the late 18th century, the French Revolution took place which completely changed France. French society was in it's worse condition with poverty, unfair systems both socially and politically, and economic declines. The third estate became overwhelmingly unsatisfied of the unfair laws and the privileged classes. With economic failures, the monarch began to tax harshly to the third estate which brought rage among the third estate. From then on powerful and effective actions were taken to rebel against the French government.
These ideas were the main causes of the French Revolution as they directly affected the people to make them want to enter a state of revolution until new policies were instituted. The problems in France all started with their Ruler, Louis the XVI. Louis had entered France into a series of wars, which of course, cost money, and these wars were very expensive. France’s debt had also worsened by helping America fight the British. Louis was also a very indecisive ruler and allowed many matters to drift.
Contributing to the final outcome, many diverse factors played significant parts. The highly conflicted estate system combined with the unfortunate financial outcomes of a weak monarch producing an imbalanced society with constant bickering. As the manufacturing depression compiled with the enlightenment, the revolutionary action was ignited. Finally, when a financial reform did take place, due to the nobility’s refusal to corporate led to an even larger financial disaster. As all of these factors came together, the end-result was The French Revolution.
After the death of his advisor Colbert, King Louis XIV made even more horrible and costly decisions. He further enlarged the military and entered into many wars in which he lost a great deal of her newly acquired territories and increased the national debt even more. In short, the reign of King Louis XIV had a disastrous impact on France. His liberal spending, appointing of easily controlled people to court, revoking the freedom of religion, and poor decision making sparked the economic burdens and resentment of the aristocracy that were major factors in the French Revolution and the eventual downfall of the French monarchy.
This philosophy was able to gain traction because the people of both countries had grown tired of being repressed by their respective monarchs. Both countries were facing social and economic troubles that led the common people of each area to revolt and take power into their own hands. Even though England and France were two of the dominant world powers at the time, they had been considerably weakened by the Seven Years War (the part of the conflict that took place in America is known as the French and Indian War). The political climate in France was more volatile than in America as the French had been on the losing side of the war and much of the fighting on the European front had taken place there. Almost all of the fighting on the American continent had taken place in New France (which would one day become Canada), leaving the Colonies relatively unscathed.
The Government had reached great financial debt. The problem lied and continued because of the government's inability to tap the wealth of the French nation by taxation. There was a great paradox in France being a rich nation with a government in poverty. The deteriorating finances of the government is what triggered the prolonged differences between the Bourgeoisie and the aristocracy. The political differences between the monarchy and the nobles came about after the Seven Years' war also.
Due to France's weak government and England's small armies, the war sent on and on, giving the peasants a great reason to loose respect for the monarchy. The peasants and middle class faced a big problem during this time, which were taxes. The war squeezed out taxes due to the overdrawn length of the Hundred Years War. This problem was the beginning of major revolts throughout Europe. Two more determining factors involved in the breakdown of feudalism were a famine that started around 1315 and the Bubonic Plague.
At the end of the 18th century, France was the center of cultural sophistication. However, beneath the shiny surface, a storm was brewing. The absolute monarchy was broken; majority of France was starving and disgruntled with the system of government. As the Enlightenment took hold and ideas about the right kind of government began to spread, tension only began to increase. By the late 1780’s, France was in the middle of the French Revolution, thanks to weak leadership, the call for change across France’s social classes, and radical thinkers willing to make a stand.
Therefore in order to attain a final answer it is necessary to study and analyze what really happened, thus approaching a fair assessment of the causes of the French Revolution. During the 1770s and 1780s, a great economic decline took place, following then a long period of prosperity, which had a terrible psychological impact on all social classes, which faced a harsh decline in their status. Therefore society was threatened by two internal forces, which already existed in the 18th century but due to the economical crisis were now more emphasized. The first force was the hostility between the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie; and the second was each class' attempt to change the policies of monarchy and absolutism. Both forces obligated the King to take actions, which lead to disruption of the central government, and consequently the end of the ancien regime.