What is Renal Failure?

631 Words3 Pages
To understand what renal failure is, it is important to know how the kidneys work and what the main functions are. The body has two kidneys on either side of the spine and the kidneys work to remove toxic waste and excess water by producing urine. The kidneys also help with controlling blood pressure and produce erythropoietin as well as aiding in keeping bones strong by producing calcetrol hormones. When the kidneys are unable to perform these functions it causes the kidneys to fail. There are different types of renal failure such as chronic kidney disease which is a slow progression over time and it can go unnoticed for a long time. Acute renal failure occurs suddenly, happening within a few hours or a few days, if not caught in time acute renal failure can be life threatening leading to death. End-stage renal disease the kidneys no longer remove enough waste and fluids from the body resulting either being on dialysis or transplant. The causes of renal failure vary from having an infection like septicemia which is bacteria in the blood stream, decreased blood flow caused from low blood pressure , and autoimmune kidney disease many of these causes are associated with acute kidney disease. Chronic and End-stage renal disease the two most common, causes are high blood pressure and diabetes. There are many symptoms of kidney disease, change in urination will be slower and amount will decrease, fatigue, headaches, weight loss, loss of appetite, nausea, breath odor, excessive thirst, frequent hiccups, abnormally dark or light skin and bone pain. When test are being done to detect chronic kidney disease three tests are performed a BUN test, blood measurement test, and a urine test, if there is a presence of protein in the urine that i... ... middle of paper ... ...ns risk is 2 times higher, and Asians it is 1.3. Diabetes is the number one cause of kidney failure with 38.4 percent and high blood pressure is second with 25 percent. ICD-9 Code for renal failure is 586. Chronic kidney disease is 585, Acute renal failure is 584.9, and End-stage renal disease is 585.6. References Kidney Failure Symptoms, Stages, Diet, Treatment, Causes, Signs, Diagnosis, Prognosis - MedicineNet. (2014, February 2). MedicineNet. Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://www.medicinenet.com/kidney_failure kidney disease statistics. (2014, February 3). american kidney fund. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://www.kidneyfund.org/about-us/assets/pdfs/akf-kidneydiseasestatistics-2012.pdf what is renal failure. (2014, January 28). Renal Failure. Retrieved January 28, 2014, from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Renal-Failure-What-is-Renal-Failure

More about What is Renal Failure?

Open Document