What is Motivation?

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Motivation in the workplace is an important area for discussion and many theories as to what motivates people to do their jobs well have been formulated. This essay will discuss three different theories of motivation and work. Also produce a definition of motivation. First mention that you will define motivation then state that you will talk about different theories of motivation

To begin with, there are to aspects of motivation to look at the first of these is a definitions of motivation. Robbins (2002:155) defines motivation as “the process that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal”. Moreover, Draft(2008)defines the motivation as “the arousal, direction, and persistence of behaviour”. However, there is another aspect to consider the Intrinsic rewards and Extrinsic rewards. People behave in different ways to satisfy different needs. When these needs are full filled, they gain a reward. This could be in the form of a large bonus (extrinsic rewards) or the satisfaction of having done something well (intrinsic reward). (Daft,2008).

On the other hand, there are a lot of people used some theories to help them to get the best results of motivations. The famous theory which used in motivation is Maslow’s theory or hierarchy of needs. Maslow classified the people’s needs to five layers that are physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem and self-actualization that order from bottom to top. Daft claims that people should know the level of need for people how want motivate them to get the satisfaction (2008). In fact there are some studies that divided these needs to so many groups to make it easier to understand for people who use it. According to Glasswna...

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...aking and responsibility because the money is not the only motivation for workers.

To compare among this theories, there some differents between them. firstly, two factor theory is see that the hygiene factors do not motivations factors, but the lack of these factors are a source of frustration, to an explain this things need to be met, but it alone is not sufficient to motivation. but Motivation factors is considered according to this theory, and are compatible with the theory of ERG to satisfy more than one need at the same time. And with the theory of Maslow's basic needs that must be met first.

To sum up, all this theories has advantages and disadvantages but this different from country to country . In my opinion the best theory is ERG theory because it does not use specific rule or sequence to met the needs of people.
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