What is Marine Pollution?

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What is Marine Pollution? Marine pollution is the adding of toxins and harmful chemicals into the ocean, not only is it chemicals but it also plastics. North Carolina is now ranked the 3rd out of 30 states in beach water quality. Runoff from storms and irrigation carries pollution from parking lots, yards, and streets directly into waterways that lead right to the ocean. In 2010, North Carolina reported 240 coastal beaches, 114 beaches or (48%) of which were monitored NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded the state’s daily maximum bacterial standards In 2010, 2% of all reported beach monitoring samples exceeded the state’s daily maximum bacteria standards. The beaches with the highest percent maximum rates in 2010 were Jockey’s Ridge Soundside Access (22%) and Colingtpon Harbour Swimming Beach (17%) Some of the causes of Marine Pollution are. Discharge of crude oil, accidental or on purpose, is one of the major causes of pollution in the oceans. This happens when the ships drive through these oceans discharge their waste in them. Transportation of vessels carrying various ores can also lead to pollution of the water body when ore sediments are accidentally dumped in it. Statistics reveal that approximately 45 percent of ocean water pollution is caused by marine transportation, while 32 percent is caused by loading and flushing of oil tanks. On the other hand, pollution caused by natural seeps is the major natural cause it accounts for 8 percent of all pollution. Oil spills, which are estimated to be close to around 900,000 spills annually, are also responsible for the pollution of ocean water. Another important cause of marine pollution is industrial waste dumping. This toxic waste contains various conta... ... middle of paper ... ...zone waste water treatment plant. An ozone waste water treatment plant is a plant where its generators convert oxygen into the ozone by using ultraviolet radiation or by an electric discharge field. Some benefits of using this plant are, its kills bacteria effectively, it oxidizes substances such as iron and sulphur so that they can be filtered out of the solution. There are no nasty odors or residues produced from the treatment. Ozone converts back into oxygen quickly, and leaves no trace once it has been used. On the other hand some of the disadvantages of the plant are; the treatment requires energy in the form of electricity; this can cost money and cannot work when the power is lost. The treatment cannot remove dissolved minerals and salts. Ozone treatment can sometimes produce by-products such as bromate that can harm human health if they are not controlled.

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