What is Kantianism?

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"What is Kantianism and how does it affect me?" as many would ask themselves. Kantianism came about when the German philosopher Immanuel Kant viewed rationality as the ultimate good and that people were all fundamentally rational being. The idea is that the actions that people are to perform are not guided by emotions or goals but rather on duty, what is expected of a person to do in a given situation, making it a deontological moral theory. It is an absolutist theory because he specifies that there are certain moral actions are deemed absolutely bad like killing or lying.
Immanuel Kant argues whether a person's action is either good or bad, is based around the motivation of that person. Again, Kanianism is the idea that a rational person is duty-bound to do the moral thing. It is not to seek pleasure or selfish pursuits but to do it because to do well for the sake of goodness. In an example, if someone liked to donate to charities, Kant is simply saying that the is good but because that person enjoys it or finds satisfaction when performing this action, it is considered morally bad. However, there are no real consequences in Kantianism. If two people were to do something that would be considered morally bad but one was able to get away with it, both are still considered morally bad. The opposite could also occur where two people are doing something good but one person had to do something bad in order to achieve something good. In this case, two knights were to protect their own separate princess and one them killed the assailant whereas the other only used a shield, both would considered morally good because they did what they were supposed to do and that was to protect their respective princess.
Kantianism can be broken down ...

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...ssailant as a means to an end. Kantianism allows a person to lie if the situation is crucial like saving a life but what if all situations just so happens to "save a life?" By following this logic, the world might as well be lying to "save a life" because it fits the second formulation even if the person lying was called out on it. People would have no proof if the person lied or not.
In the end, I believe that Kantianism is still a valuable guide to behavior. The theory wants humanity to do the right thing, whatever the right thing might be, and if it brings satisfaction, then it is a bonus but satisfaction cannot be the premise of doing an action. However, Kantianism also has its flaws on what someone should do in a given situation and ultimately, causing the theory to self-contridict. As any theory, it is a good guideline but it should never dictated one's life.
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