What are DNA Vaccines?

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DNA vaccines have been researched, and scientists are trying to find ways to put them into use and cure diseases in humans and animals. Vaccines activate the protective immunity that is an effect natural infection, without having to become sick with an infection (Paul Offit, 2014). Vaccines reduced the probability of people today to get diseases like the measles, and other major infectious diseases (Anonymous, 2011). Vaccines are not always safe, and also lots of vaccines are not always as effective as wanted (Anonymous, 2011). Edward Jenner was a scientist and physician who first introduced the smallpox vaccine in 1796(Mary Quirk, N.d). Eric Simon, Jean Dickey, Jane Reece, and Neil Campbell (1967) state that DNA is the genetic material that organisms inherit from their parents and ancestors. The information in DNA is made up of a code containing four letters A, G, C, and T (Anonymous, 2014). The order of these four letters in DNA determines how the organisms maintain its information (Anonymous, 2014). A DNA vaccine is where genetic material is injected into an organism; this can cause some of the cells to produce the gene product (Koprowski, 1998).
DNA vaccines have many advantages over normal vaccines (Anonymous, 2005). An advantage is that DNA vaccines are not as exposed to temperature change (Anonymous, 2005). Another advantage is DNA vaccines let more than one vaccine to be combined in one DNA vaccination; this could allow two diseases to be fought at the same time, within the same vaccination (Anonymous, 2005). Also once a vaccine model is developed; it’s easier for similar organisms to adapt (Anonymous, 2005). DNA vaccines only contain DNA and no infectious agents; therefore the vaccinations avoid the danger of reinf...

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... cellular reactions and affect the immunity (Anonymous, 2012).
DNA vaccines have been being researched for the past 20 years, and it has evolved quickly through clinical trials (Anonymous, 2012). DNA vaccines to control diseases in humans will be an outbreak, and scientists are starting to understand how they can make it work and control diseases in humans (Anonymous, 2013). These vaccines have many advantages and not a lot of downfalls, so if they work it will be very important (Anonymous, 2013). The DNA vaccines are meant to improve the immunity of the hosts and control diseases (Scuderi, 2003). DNA vaccine is much more reliable than normal vaccines, especially when using the gene gun because it is rapid and efficient (O'Brian, Lummis, N.d). Scientists have discovered many ways to control disease with DNA vaccines, and they will continue to run clinical trials.

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