What Was Polybius Political Theory?

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D’Angelo, Marcus Ancient History VII I. What was Polybius’ political theory? “... it is evident… we must regard as the best constitution a combination of...these three varieties” (Polybius, Histories, 6.3). Interpretation: Polybius believed that the best form of government was a combination of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy and that there was evidence to prove it. “... they represent these three to be the sole varieties or rather to be the best” (Polybius, Histories, 6.3). Interpretation: According to Polybius, these three varieties of government monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy were not the only three but rather the best three. Analysis: According to Polybius, the best form of government was a combination of the three best governments, monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy. “...it is evident...we must regard as the best constitution a combination of...these three varieties” (Polybius, Histories, 6.3).This was because when only one government was in control they were more susceptible to greed and doing things for themselves. By having a combination, the three governments checked each other and made sure they only did things that were helping the government and did not only help themselves. The mixture of governments helped because aristocracies made sure the monarchs did not become selfish, the democracy did the same for aristocracies and the monarch made sure there was some law and order within the democracy. The emotions drove the changing of the governments. Governments were not sustainable without the other leaders keeping them in check. It was a cycle that kept going. “... they represent these three to be the sole varieties or rather to be the best” (Polybius, Histories, 6.3). Polybius believed there... ... middle of paper ... ...erful which resulted in change. Governments all had a way of becoming bad and not ideal. This was because people were greedy, selfish and unsatisfied. Most of society did things for themselves and only themselves. People were unstable and that was why the governments constantly changed. “... it is impossible... each of these should not in course of time change into this vicious form” (Polybius, Histories, 6.10). The governments and people changed into their worse form. Polybius’ perception was that everything was fine until the people not in power look and see the injustice in the government. This was because the people became dissatisfied and the government 's shifted. By using the variety of the three governments, humans, government, and society became stable. His perception was cynical but people fixed it by having the combination of the three governments.

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