What To The Slave Is The Fourth Of July, By James Henry Douglass

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Unit 7 Essay! Slavery was recognized in the Thirteen Colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Slavery existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries. Southerners needed slaves due to the expansion of the cotton industry. After the Revolutionary War, abolitionist laws and emotion gradually spread in the Northern states. The struggle to end slavery began in the United States. Eventually, the entire nation would be in the Civil War. Many did not see anything wrong with slavery. Most of these people were southern farmers or plantation owners who needed slaves to run their farms or plantations. James Henry Hammond was one of these people. He was a wealthy plantation owner in South Carolina. He made a speech stating that there has to be people to perform the “drudgery of life" so that the higher class can move civilization forward. There were others who felt the exact same way. Some felt black people were inferior to white people; others felt that slaves maintained the progress of white society. Pro-slavery forces moved from defending…show more content…
In his speech, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” Frederick Douglass argues that the Fourth of July is not an independence day he can enjoy. He states that the Fourth of July is a day to celebrate freedom and liberty. But blacks do not have freedom or liberty. He feels that this day is a mockery to blacks. He speaks of the Constitution, he speaks of the Bible, and he speaks of God. Just like David Walker said "Have not the Americans the Bible in their hands? Do they believe it? Surely they do not. See how they treat us in open violation of the Bible!!” How can a Christian murder a person on Saturday and go to church on Sunday like nothing happened? Slavery is wrong. All people deserve freedom. Frederick Douglass said “For it is not light that are needed but fire". A change was

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