What Is The Importance Of Word Memory?

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Researchers have long debated over the learning burden of words, and what aspects of word knowledge make a word easier or harder to learn (Ellis & Beaton, 1993; Higa, 1965; Laufer, 1990, 1994; Nation, 1990). Notably, learners´ background knowledge has been established to have a different impact on learners´ learning burden of words (Nation, 2001, p. 44). Even though some aspects may facilitate the learning of individual words, others may complicate the acquisition of them. That is to say, the more familiar the form, the easier it is for a learner to recognize and become familiarized with it..
With this in mind, implicit and explicit learning are important contributors in enhancing word recognition and word knowledge. While implicit learning
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By exposing learners extensively and implicitly to orthographical, phonological and morphological aspects, influences learners´ ability to learn new words and gain reading fluency. For example, learners without automatic word recognition of a vast vocabulary will not become fluent in reading comprehension if the visual input of orthographic, phonological, semantic, and syntactic aspects is not represented in their lexicon (Grabe, 2009, p. 23). Studies have demonstrated that phonological processing is an essential component of word recognition and contributes considerably to learners´ literacy. However, phonological processing is not only an important contributor, but also a helpful anticipator on whether a learner may encounter difficulties in becoming a fluent reader or not. For example, if learners´ phonological awareness is low, it limits their acquisition of new words (Hu, 2008; Nation, 2001, p. 68), therefore, making it difficult for them to retain words in their phonological short-term memory. In enhancing learners´ word recognition, studies show that extensive reading develops phonological awareness in readers, as exposure is a core factor in improving word recognition…show more content…
It is an autonomous method for learners to acquire a substantial amount of vocabulary on their own while practicing and enhancing their reading skills. Moreover, by exposing learners to extensive amounts of vocabulary through reading, gives learners more opportunities to encounter the target language in its normal environment of context and use (Thornbury, 2002). Theoretically, extensive reading should not only increase learners´ breadth of vocabulary but also their depth of it with extensive repetition. Conversely, the language classroom can only facilitate a relatively smaller amount of exposure at a
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