Two magistrates or consuls had ultimate civil and military authority. The two consuls held their office for one year (they were elected by Roman citizens) and then after their term had expired, entered the Senate for life. Each consul could veto the actio... ... middle of paper ... ...system present in Republican Rome, one cannot say that its contributions to our modern ideas of democracy were insignificant. Quite to the contrary, examples of the Roman Senate's influence can be found right here in our own government. For example the upper house in our legislative branch is called the 'senate', our republic was also established by a constitution (as was the Roman's), the president (our modern 'consuls') is also advised by and is subject to our own senate, and America's founding fathers drew extensively on Roman theories and models of government when deciding how to establish our present system.
The Ancient Romans had a very similar set-up. In Rome when organizing a government, there were many different styles between monarchies, the Senate that was the aristocracy, and the voice of democracy in the people. These acted as their different branches of government. As the U.S Government has an executive branch which consists of our President and Vice President, the Romans had counsels which acted as executive leaders for a year, and controlled the military (“The Roman Republic”). The Ancient Romans also obtained a Senate, similar to our government.
What was taken from Rome to America, was the idea of a ruling senate that controlled what laws were passed. Consuls had supreme power in both civil and military matters. In the city of Rome, the consuls were the head of the Roman government. They would be the head of the senate and the assemblies. The republic was a large democratic system structured under the rule that no one could hold too much power.
The president’s power over the legislature is limited to asking for a review of bill that is asked for him to sign (Article 356). Once again, power is concentrated into the legislative branch by giving them the power to appoint the president. The prime minister is appointed by the president, and is responsible for leading the cabinet and advising the president (Article 78). The presidents of both countries are largely ceremonial because of the power concentrated within the legislature. The legislative powers of both India and Turkey are stronger than their executive branch, and both are unitary forms of government.
Rather than creating a government that was primarily a democracy like the Athenians, an aristocracy or a monarchy, the Roman constitution mixed these three elements, therefore creating three separate branches of government. The executives served as monarchical element, the Senate as the aristocratic and finally, the Assembly as the democratic element. A complex set of checks and balances existed between these three branches. The Executive branch enforced the law, and presided over the Senate and the legislative assemblies. They had supreme civil and military authority and held office for one year, then entered the Senate for life unless impeached.
All members of the Senate were part of the patrician class and at the head of the Senate were two consuls. The Consuls controlled the Roman army and in order to become a consul, you had to be elected by a majority of all the citizens in Rome. The consuls, are like our president and the Executive Branch. Although the method of separation of powers came from the Roman Republic, that is not all that came from the Roman Republic that became part of the United States... ... middle of paper ... ...definitely change over time, both positively and negatively, but eventually I believe the U.S government’s total structure will change! I think, many years from now, our government will have the same fate as the Roman Republic.
This court is comprised of life-long serving Justices who are selected by the President of the United States and approved by the Senate.3 Cooperatively, the Supreme Court, the President, and Congress attempt to work in accord to run the three-pronged government of the United States. In transition, the Supreme Court of the United States has acquired a number of powers over the years. However, one power, in particular, is of great magnitude, judicial review. Judicial review is the judicial branch’s power to assess the legality of the actions of the legislative and executive branches of government, as well as the states.4 Accordingly, the federal judiciary determines the validity of such actions set by the Constitution of the United States. In brief, judicial review allows the court to determine whether or not legislation that is passed within government follows the guidelines of the United States Constitution.
GOVERNMENT The Roman Empire had 3 different types of government during this period. During the 1st period Rome was controlled by a King, who acted as commander-in-chief during war times as well as the chief priest and judge (ThinkQuest). Decisions had to be approved by the Comitia Centuria and the Senate before the King could exercise his authority. The United States was set-up similar to the Roman Empire in regards to how decisions where executed. The United States government consists of a President, Congress and Senate.
A successful modern day example of a representative democracy is the country United States of America. This country has one of the longest standing systems of governments, more than 200 years. A representative democracy in the United States abides by the U.S Constitution since 1789. The Constitution splits the federal government into three branches of government so that power is evenly distributed. Each branch serves a different purpose from one another in governing the U.S, but all of them work together to manage its country.
There was also an established election process where the people vote for the leaders of the national government as well as state. The United States has been a federalist government since the Constitution was signed. In the United states, the government is split into a state and national government, with checks and