What Is Space Exploration Essay

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AnnaGrace Jensen Mr. Martin - Earth Science Space Exploration During the Cold War, after World War II had ended, the United States and Soviet Union worked to be better than each other in space exploration. This created what is known as the Space Race. This race created many programs that the National Aeronautics and Space Administration took part in. The beginning of this was in 1957, when the Soviet Union launched the first satellite into space. Its name was Sputnik and was the size of a large beach ball with 4 antennas. It could send out waves that could be picked up from a simple radio and such. Sputnik had unknown abilities that scared the US because it meant the enemy has rockets powerful enough to maybe shoot atomic bombs. It created more tension between the US and the Soviet Union in trying to prove who was better. More math and science courses were added to children’s education because of the greater need to beat the Soviet Union. In 1958, to compete, NASA was established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It was originally called the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) which studied flight for over 40 years. NASA's vision is to reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind (NASA.gov). They created Project Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and the Shuttle Program. NASA is responsible for science and technology that is related to air and space. In 1961 though, the Soviet Union had won in the space race to get a man into outer space. John F. Kennedy, the president since 1960, announced that in that decade, America's goal was to be the first to land a man on the moon. And so that is what we strived to do. NASA created Project Mercury in May of 1958. Its name ca... ... middle of paper ... ... or move towards other planets. There are many programs that are connected to the unmanned exploration. Some program names are the Explorer Program, Pioneer Program, the Echo Project, and Telstar. One program includes sending out a craft that has been flying out through space for about 30 years. The craft has sent back pictures of Jupiter and Saturn up close. It is a better picture than what we are able to see from Earth. Another example is the robotic spacecraft on Mars that collect data (Wikipedia.com). Overall, America has had many achievements since the Space Race. NASA has played a major role as well. Even though in the past six decades, we still have a lot to learn. Outer space is vast and unknown. The projects that we have or had have given us the beginning info that we will need to have if we want to continue learning more about our galaxy and our universe.

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