You are sleeping soundly, dreaming of the perfect beach getaway on the coast of somewhere beautiful. Perhaps Bora Bora, or maybe even the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean is exactly where you’d like to be, but then you are suddenly awakened in the middle of the night because your spouse or your children are screaming in their sleep or they are up sleep walking. Your heart rate is high in the sky because you were frightened and wanted to make sure everything was okay. Other than maybe a bad nightmare for that one night, it seems to be a few times a week and almost as frequently as a few times a night. Now, why were they screaming?
The study topic:
Parasomnias are episodic behaviors that intrude a…show more content… It is known as doing activity while still asleep. The individual will sit up in their bed during their deep sleep of the night, looks around with a blank stare and exhibits some repetitive motor activity. He or she will get and start walking around the room and can even go into other rooms. Some may even leave the house. Sleepwalking episodes can last up to 15 minutes to an hour. (Markov, Jaffe, & Doghramji, 2006) Attempts to awaken a sleep walker can usually end with aggressive or violent behavior. Cases of violence from sleepwalking have been described in many literatures. (Pressman, 2007)
Sleep terrors, sometimes called “pavor nocturnus” in children and “incubus attacks” in adults, are characterized by a loud piercing scream, intense autonomic activation (e.g. Tachycardia), and overwhelming anxiety or acute panic. Sleep terrors happen in stages 3 and 4 of sleep of the NREM sleep cycle. Delta activity is high and continuous. (Zadra & Nielsen, 1998) Sleep terrors are different than an individual experiencing nightmares because individuals have amnesia of the events whereas nightmares are recollected after the event.
REM Sleep…show more content… According to Nicholas Lofthouse, Mary Fristad, Mark Splaingard, and Kelly Kelleher, sleep disruption can increase the mania in adults with bipolar disorder. Lofthouse, Fristad, Splaingard, & Kelleher, did a study approaching the sleep disturbances with early onset of bipolar disorder. The study assessed 133 children of 8 to 11 years old. Each of the children had to be diagnosed with early onset of bipolar disorder. The children had to have an IQ of 70 and greater. The children were given a Children’s Depression Rating Scale-Revised to measure the severity of children’s depressive symptoms and a Mania Rating Scale to address the mania symptoms. The results show a 69.2% of the sample reported sleep problems associated with mania and/or depression. 94% reported sleep disruption during the child’s worst episode.