Perfection is defined by Webster’s Dictionary as “being entirely without flaws; something that cannot be improved.” In today’s society many people, particularly young women desire to be perfect in their outward appearance. They want the perfect hair, the perfect skin, the perfect body, which so many think would be the perfect life. However, perfection of this kind is very difficult to achieve, yet so many people still want this perfect self-image. This desire for perfection has caused self-hatred within many and this pandemic of perfection is rapidly spreading amongst individuals. The song “Pretty Hurts” by Beyoncé Knowles clearly shows how perfection is truly a disease of a nation. People are faced with the pressure to be perfect in their daily lives, but why? Many individuals feel the need to be perfect because of parental influence, social acceptance and self-conflict.
Perfectionism is a common cause of low self-esteem. It is critical of every effort and convinces you that nothing is ever good enough. It can also cause you to drive yourself to the point of chronic stress, exhaustion, and burnout. Every time perfectionism counsels counsels you that you "should", "have to", or "must", you tend to push yourself forward out of anxiety, rather than from natural desire and inclination. The more perfectionistic you are, the more often you're likely to feel anxious.
The participant’s BDI scores reflected moderate depression severity in the depressed group (mean = 29.62, SD = 9.27), and no depression in the control group (mean = 3.26, SD = 3.83). To measure for the level of perfectionism of an individual the performance perfectionism scale which is a 32-item questionnaire that measures outcome expectancy for performance associated with perfectionism was used. The PPS indexes how individuals expect their perfectionism to influence their performance. To make a graph from the measurements two dimensions are used in this study include, the outcome expectancy for performance (positive or negative), and the source of the high standards for performance (self-generated or prescribed by others). Four subtypes of perfectionism are quantified in the PPS: Positive Self-Oriented Performance Perfectionism, Negative Self-Oriented Performance Perfectionism, Positive Socially Prescribed Performance Perfectionism, and Negative Socially Prescribed Performance Perfectionism. Another test was conducted to measure the depression symptoms which was called Beck depression inventory II. This test includes 21-items questionnaire and the coefficient alphas were .93 and .94 for the Cognitive and Non-Cognitive subscales, respectively. The results revealed that positive and negative outcome expectancy
What is flawless? In the mortal world, perfection is simply an unobtainable idea that is constantly yearned for. Society has an ever-changing notion of what perfection should look like. Considering that society, as a mass of people and opinions, does not possess a physical essence, it can sneakily force these ideas into people 's subconscious. The person who is victimized by these unearthly standards is not at fault. For example, in the short story The Birth Mark, Georgiana lived her childhood and part of her adult life oblivious to the idea that a natural mark on her face did not 'belong ' and was a detriment to her beauty; that is, until Aylmer appeared. This opinion, which he believed as fact, was forcefully sprung upon her by her newlywed
Perfect: adj. ˈpər-fikt 1. Entirely without any flaws, defects, or shortcomings, is the first definition you find on dictionary.com for the word (perfect). Is this actually possible to attain? Has anyone actually ever been perfect? Or is it all in the eye of the beholder? These questions are asked by almost every girl, as we dream to one day reach the unattainable. This is especially true at the tender age of fifteen, where nothing seems to be going right with our bodies and everything is changing in us. This poem stresses the fact that as everyone realizes how unrealistic this dream is, the knowledge makes no difference to the wish. Marisa de los Santos comments on this in her poem “Perfect Dress”. The use of verbose imagery, metaphors, and the simplistic approach are very effective in portraying the awkward adolescent stage of a young woman and the unrealistic dream of being perfect.
The mean of Maladaptive perfectionism was 2.47 (2dp) and a low SD of 0.74 (2dp). The also Low SD of Maladaptive perfectionism statistics indicate a low chance of variability in the dataset. The mean Maladaptive
In today’s society, everyone seems to be talking about perfection. People can talk about something simple as a “perfect” book, to something as complex and important as a “perfect” life, or a “perfect” family. But, what is perfection? Well, according to the dictionary, the definition of perfection is, “the condition, state, or quality of being free or as free as possible from all flaws or defects.” In the book, Peter Pan by J.M Barrie, the story revolves around the idea of a perfect family. This can be seen through various factors, such as the roles of Mr. and Mrs. Darling, as well as Nana, in the lives of their children. Additionally, Peter Pan decides to ask Wendy ‐with her instinct to support the younger children‐ to be his mother and take
One of the most influential researchers in the field of perfection at the time was Hamachek. Hamachek (1978) had agreed with all those individuals who regarded perfectionism as a positive influence. He described two types of perfectionism that are on a continuum of perfectionistic behaviours- normal and neurotic. Normal perfectionists are those individuals who feel genuinely satisfied after performing a difficult task and feel the need to be less precise depending on the situation. They also understanding and possess self-acceptance that striving can indeed lead to satisfaction. Neurotic perfectionists, on the other hand, are those individuals who are unable to derive pleasure after performing a task as, according to such individuals, they never seem to perform a task good enough in order to feel satisfied. Hamachek (1978) also gave six overlapping, specific behaviours that are associated both with neurotic and normal perfectionists. These behaviours are different in their intensity and duration are as follows- (a)guilt and shame feelings, (b)self-deprecation, (c)depression, (d)shyness and procrastination, (e)a nagging feeling of “I should”, and (f)face-saving
As human beings, we are NOT perfect! It is part of our nature to be
The introduction is lengthy but covers all needed aspects of the study. The stated purpose is clear. It states at the end of the first paragraph that the study is looking for an easy method for counselors or school staff to identify perfectionism within its student body and further identify one’s that may need intervention due to maladaptive perfectionism which can lead to increased mental and physical issues. Rice and Ashby (2007) provide an extensive literature review. This review covers most previous studies of this topic. They even include papers that are in press to their references. This indicates to the reader that the authors were very thorough in their review of previous studies, which is an important aspect. This literature review provides a comprehensive background for their work and they note ways to improve on previous research to further assist in the field. They fashioned their research to improve on what they saw as lacking in the other studies, namely providing for a larger sample size and better clustering techniques. I believe this review was more than adequate and the authors used it well to set up their contribution and hypothesis. The authors contend that through their research they will be able to provide an instrument with easy attainable measurements to counselors and other helping professions to assist them in identifying maladaptive perfectionism. Whereas this topic had been studied before the results had not lent themselves to this type of tool for the counseling com...