What motivates us can differ from person to person and it might dictate how people will react towards certain situations. This is the reason why Self Esteem is a very important topic since it is based on internal motives, the way people view themselves and the way they react. Self-esteem is something that is not consistent. Many days someone might feel good while other days they might feel low; it is mostly based on personal feelings. It was interesting to find that self-esteem is based on self worth, how valuable the person is, how to do they feel about themselves and where they stand?
High self-esteem includes self-confidence and appreciation for their abilities and accomplishments; whereas low self-esteem includes not believing in one’s self. Down sides to high self-esteem can become being conceited, egotistical, arrogant, and narcissistic. High self-esteem can lead to irritating others by being self-centered. Low self-esteem individuals tend to give up easily. Social anxiety and shyness is correlated to low self-esteem.
Psychologists and self help practitioners both agree that self-esteem is a relevant component in a persons behaviour and should be taken into account when assessing their well being. Within Psychology its precise relation to the well being of an individual has shifted along with trends within psychology itself regarding the subject. Social cognition is an example of a psychological theory that incorporates self esteem within its definition. It involves the persons interpretation of themselves as individuals and in their interactions with others along with there social environment. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) is a self-report scale developed by Rosenberg a psychologist who supported the social cognition theory.
Furthermore, they concluded that lies told to individuals close to them were disproportionately other-oriented. Ennis, Vrij, and Chance (2008) also conducted a study on self-centered and other-oriented lie telling. The results of the study were similar to that of DePaulo and Kashy. They found that individuals told more self-centered lies and fewer other-oriented lies when talking to strangers as opposed to close friends. Thus, there is an abundance of evidence indicating that people tend to be altruistically motivated then interacting with people with whom they feel close to (Kaplar & Gordon,
John R. Ellement bring attention to the fact that the cues let off from lying come forward because, “lying takes more mental effort then telling the truth, emotions give people away when lying, and lying causes more stress and anxiety” (npa). By saying this, Ellement is indicating that, due to all the work put into lying, the non-verbal cues should be very easy to spot and happen often. Mark McClish states in his article, “How to Detect Lies,” that, “…just because someone exhibits one or more of these signs does not make them a liar. The above behaviors should be compared to a person’s base (normal) behavior whenever possible” (1). Even if a person does express these behaviors, it could just mean he or she is nervous or uncomfortable in the current situation.
Lying is something that everyone has done whether people would like to admit it or not. Despite this hopefully regretful occurrence, people often do not understand why someone would choose to lie. Obviously, everybody has different situations and reasons for lying but all dishonesty relates back to one particular purpose. Telling lies is caused primarily by a desire to protect oneself. The most common reason people lie is to protect themselves out of fear.
More so, the highly individualistic aspects of self-efficacy may also alienate others that do not have this type of self-confidence to achieve certain goals. Therefore, the idea of personal achievement and success as a “behavior” is not always beneficial, but it does provide a strong foundation for leadership skills and the necessary self-worth for the individual to achieve success if they believe that they can achieve these goals. Certainly, these beliefs define the different between self-esteem and self-efficacy, which advocate different levels of personal self-value and the ways in which these beliefs are manifested in certain social interactions and in differing types of environments. More so, the difficultly in defining the behavioral impact of these methods for obtaining “self-confidence” has also been defined in this psychological
older people imagine clear to a greater degree by their social roles. (Kuhn, 1960). The need for self-esteem plays an important role in psychologist Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which depicts self-esteem as one of the basic human motivations. Maslow suggested that people need both esteem from other people as well as inner self-respect. Both of these needs must be fulfilled in order for an individual to grow as a person and achieve self-actualization.
In our social environment, we run into the danger that someone is lying to us, distorts a fact when reproducing it, or perhaps entirely omits an important detail. It is widely known that people from time to time say an untruth. The high prevalence of deception and lie telling is well documented in research (e.g. DePaulo & Kashy, 1998; DePaulo, Kashy, Kirkendol, Wyer, & Epstein, 1996). Our ability to notice or recognise deception and lies and in a next step to respond appropriately is not very far-reaching.
Is it a bad thing to lie ? Does lying have a negative effect per lie you tell? Well in Richard Gunderman’s article“Is Lying Bad for Us?” he sure thinks so. Gunderman argues that everyday people lie. Gunderman also state that the more people lie the less of real reality people see and live.