If a parent repeatedly calls a child a certain name, then connections form that allow the child to recognize that name over time and he or she will begin to respond to that name (Brotherson, 2005). Through repetitive experiences the axons and synapse strengthen causing learning to take place. The brain is divided into four major lobes: the frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and the temporal lobe. Each lobe contributes to cognitive development in young children.
Whilst some motor developments are evident from birth others develop gradually through infancy and childhood. For example the sucking reflex. If you put something in a baby’s mouth (even a finger) the baby will automatically start sucking. Motor behaviors are bodily motions that occur as result of self-initiated force that moves the bones and muscles (Lilienfeld et al., 2015). Typically different children achieve major motor milestones in the same order due to the fact that some of these motor skills are only activated at a specific time.
As myelination happens at a rapid rate in the cortical areas, growth occurs in the psychological locations of the brain (Lightfoot, 2013). Adversely, when brain systems are immature little performance is not apparent. Language acquisition during early childhood could be determined by a biological explanation. This may show how the brain is wired so children can acquire language ev... ... middle of paper ... ...ain development in various regions. Language acquisition is the result of how the brain forms early on in life.
The study of childhood development has opened the eyes of parents and soon-to-be parents as to how their children may develop on a cognitive, social, emotional and physical level. Parents now have an idea of how their child may develop thanks to the many theorists who had their own ideas to how the developing child develops and learns. Arnold Gesell gave many insights into childhood development, as well as giving insight to parent’s eyes as to how their child would develop at every age. Gesell is most known for his Maturation theory or Heredity vs. Nature theory.
During the lifespan of a human there are eight different developmental periods that a human will go through, and during these periods the growth of physical, cognitive, and psychologic development takes place. The first period is the prenatal period, which is from conception to birth. During this period physical growth takes place, where a child will begin to form inside the womb. Children will also learn to respond to stimulation around them and respond to well known voices (Papalia & Martorell, 2015). The second period is the infancy and toddler period, which is from birth until the age of three.
Biological changes in the infancy stage include the most obvious change in infancy. In infancy the body grows very fast and neurons in the brain form networks. Teeth come in and muscles strengthen as crawling and walking occur. Speech develops and fine motor skills start to develop. During infancy in the socioemotional process the attachment behaviors that infants display change with development in this process.
Observation Assignment Javier Ramirez CAS 310 Developmental Literature Child observations have become very popular in the field of Child and Adolescence over the years. Hence, observations are very beneficial and often many times used for different purposes. Carrying further, educators will typically monitor the progress of the student and let the parents know of the strengths and weaknesses their child may be in. Other times, educators will make observations for educational plans such as finding different methods in improving standardized scores. Pursuing this further, often other times the observers will look for behaviors that cover the three domains of physical, social-emotional, and cognitive development because they change dramatically overtime.
There are many mitigating factors both psychologically and biologically that play a concurrent role in an adolescents’ life. Despite all the new scientific research, "Inside the Teenage Brain" suggests that there is a consensus among experts that the most beneficial thing for teenagers is good relationships with their parents (Dr Jay Giedd, Frontline). The inside the teenage brain article focused on the biological changes a young teenager goes through. Developmental psychologist and health professionals have categorized adolescent into three stages: early, middle, and late (Greenberg, Bruess, & Conklin, 2007, p. 494). In early adolescents from 9 to 15 years, children’s growth and physical development accelerates and children must adjust to psychological and social changes, family and other adults (Greenberg, Bruess, & Conklin, 2007, p. 495).
There are many achievements that occur in areas of motor, perceptual, and cognitive development throughout the first three years of a child’s life. Early skills such as grasping and kicking develop first, and by the time they are a year old they have developed mobility skills such as rolling over and crawling. By the age of two, most children are walking and have more control over their movements. Their hand-eye coordination skills will be more developed, and by the time they are three they are able to hold small objects like a crayon. Developmental milestones usually occur in the same order, but can occur at different ages for different children.
During this phase in a child’s life, they go through a variety of changes. Such changes include; physical, cognitive, social and emotional changes. According to this course text, HDEV (2010), middle childhood comprises children between the ages of 6 to 12 years. In addition, in relation to the information that is presented in this text about the