In Graham Davey’s article “Mental Health & Stigma”, Graham Davey raises the awareness of mental health problems. He believes that mental health stigma is still a common issue which negatively affects those who are targeted as it promotes discrimination and prejudicial attitude towards the sufferers. Moreover, he points out that the stigma comes from misinformation and actions must be taken efficiency to erase the distance in prejudice towards mental illness. Davey’s reasoning is persuasive because he gives the realistic analysis taken from different researches as well as everyday life examples. By mentioning the source of misinformation, the consequence of mental health stigma, and the solution that have been taken, Davey shows us that the
Dror and colleagues (2010) believe that mental illness is heavily stigmatized, thus resulting in detrimental implications on one’s availability to behave normally in every day life in Western culture. They state how stigmatizing mental illness leads to the mentally ill losing housing opportunities. To add insult to injury, stigma also leads to mentally ill people to lose job opportunities. Finally, this stigmatization forces the mentally ill to have lower self-esteem and self-efficacy when compared to the average, mentally healthy
The stigmatizers cause negative attitudes which an individual directs inward as a form of coping, this in the end has an effect on their overall recovery (Vertilo & Gibson, 2014, p.267a). Not only does the stigma affect treatment but it also affects their lives in other ways. Vertilo and Gibson (2014) explain how “the label of mental illness discredits ones social identity by reducing the individual’s status and prevents the individual from obtaining jobs or housing and excludes many from aspects of social life” (p.266). The two most common stigmas perceive those with illnesses as dangerous and responsible for having said illness. Due to these assumptions, those facing illness tend to become socially withdrawn, have loss of productivity and lowered self-esteem.
Furthermore, Mizock, Russinova, and Millner cite Shad et al. when stating that, “like acceptance, awareness of symptoms has been identified as an important contributor to symptom management” (98). However, if one is ashamed to admit their illness, they may also ignore their symptoms. As a result of this self-stigma, patients are unable to fully accept themselves and therefore unable to recover. Note that self-stigma was the result of public stigma to begin with, meaning that the general public’s misguided ideas about mental illness are harming those trying to recover, regardless of the public’s direct or indirect actions.
Mental Health Crisis Stigmatization of mental health and suicide is a major problem which affects patients and their caregivers around the world. The stigma leads to negative behavior and stereotyping towards the person with mental illness. This causes the person affected by this to fell rejection and to feel shame about their condition. All the stigma leads to underreporting, and data collection methods that is critical to suicide prevention that needs to be improved. So with this the number for mental health and suicide is much higher then what is reported.
Erving Goffman, defined Stigma as “a dynamic process of devaluation that significantly discredits’ an individual in the eyes of others” (Sengupta, 2010, p. 1075). PLWHA are subject to stigmatization- that is, to the consequences of being designated as socially deviant (Sandelowski et al, 2009, p.274). In other words, stigma hinders individuals with HIV/AIDS; the stigma of HIV/AIDS is often associated with various groups such as African Americans, women, homosexuals, and intravenous drug users. In addition, people living with “HIV is stigmatized leading to severe social consequences related to their rights, health care services, freedom, self identity, and social interactions” (Mawar et al., 2004, p.472). Furthermore, “research has shown that HIV is viewed negatively than many other stigmatizing conditions such as mental illness and other physical health problems (Rao et al., 2006, p. 265).
The mental health stigma has become a prevalent issue in the world of medical care. It can prevent people from receiving proper medical care and the quality of care people may receive. Stigma is defined as members of groups who violate the norms established by the dominant or privileged group and, as such, are marked as deviant (Jr. and Kite). Stigma can also lead to discrimination. The way we can try and diminish the severity of the stigma is to create transparency and openness about mental illness.
Mental health literacy, similar to health literacy, provides information about mental health disorders and how to aid their management, awareness, and prevention (Wei). There are two main stigmas seen in the mental health community: public stigma and self-stigma. Both of these stigmas are detrimental to the strides being made in the mental health community. Within ethnic minority communities and the mental health community, stigmatisms and misconceptions associated with mental illness negatively impact people who suffer from such issues. In order to prevent unnecessary deaths and tragic suicide attempts, minority communities and the mental health community must work together to raise awareness and destigmatize mental illness.
According to Youssef and Deane (2006) Arabic people recognised that they are embarrassed to take advantage of the available mental health services, because of the stigma and in order to preserve their dignity. Furthermore, in the Arabic community, if a person has mental illness, they are unlikely to get married. Or, when marriage occurs, if a partner (generally the wife) is hiding her mental illness, the husband can exercise his right to seek divorce. Therefore, the decision to use the available servi... ... middle of paper ... ...ement in their own care and searching for coping strategies. (Gliddon et al., 2015) investigated the advantages of on an online psychotherapeutic program in the form of discussion board and found its potential as a positive method to minimise the effects of stigma.
But the disease is also associated with stigma, repression and discrimination, as individuals affected (or believed to be affected) by HIV have been rejected by their families, their loved ones and their communities. This rejection holds as true in the rich countries of the north as it does in the poorer countries of the south. Stigma is a powerful tool of social control. Stigma can be used to marginalize, exclude and exercise power over individuals who show certain characteristics. While the societal rejection of certain social groups (e.g.