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What Is Periodontal Disease?

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Periodontal disease is a gum disease that’s divided into three phases. The three stages of the gum disease are determined how much of the infection is controlled. It starts as gingivitis, then periodontitis, and then into advanced periodontitis. The disease starts as an infection which can lead to various severe effects. Periodontal disease is a gum inflammation caused by bad oral hygiene and it is defined as gingivitis, the mildest form of the disease. Gingivitis is the disease of gum inflammation and it is caused by bacterial infection in the mouth. Also, it is the one of the mildest form of a periodontal disease (Types of gum diseases, n.d.). Gingivitis is caused by the inflammation in the gums because in some occasions there’s dental plaque in the teeth. The bacteria turn into dental plaque and if it’s left behind it turns into tart. The dental plaque or tart is bacteria accumulated…show more content…
Periodontitis is the gum disease that was left untreated and it can lead to severe damage. When gingivitis advances to periodontitis, periodontitis makes the gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces. The spaces sort of like gaps, are more prone for it to get infected with bacteria. When the bacteria grow below the gum line, the body tries to fight off the infection. The body might break down the bone and the connective tissue that holds the teeth because the bacteria might grow in the tissue. There’s nothing that supports the teeth if the bone and the connective tissue are destroyed, which leads to tooth loss. The prevention of stopping periodontitis is to treat the gingivitis with time so that the bacteria doesn’t spread even more. Treating gingivitis, lowers the chance of the disease getting worse and more advance leading to periodontitis. To prevent periodontitis, one should (must) prevent gingivitis first, since it’s a more aggressive stage of
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