What Is Nature Vs. Nurture?

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Nature refers to genes and biological factors that contribute to our physical appearance or our personality’s. While nurture refers to how one’s environment or upbringing influences their personality. Psychologists that side with nature, debate the influence of hereditary and maturational processes guided by genes (Sigelman & Rider, 2014). Psychologists that adhere more to the nurture debate, feel as if humans change due to environmental factors. Development plays a huge role in the nature vs nurture debate, because development has been proven to stem from biological factors as well as environmental factors. The nature aspect proves the development begins with fetus and really is never ending until death. The nurture aspect proves that we develop…show more content…
This process brings an infant to full adulthood. Maturation according to general psychology is primarily based upon individual genetic makeup, universal maturation, and predispositions (Sigelman & Rider, 2014). Cognition is a vitally important element in mental development. Without the ability to acquire an obtain knowledge one cannot gain a sense of consciousness. Both nature and nurture play a role in mental development. Sigmund Freud believed that humans have an unconscious instinct and a requirement to fulfill an urge. He believed that as a child develops there energy is divided into ID (the selfish part of the personality at birth), ego (irrational way of satisfying urges), and superego (moral standards). Erik Erikson’s theory derived from the works of Sigmund Freud. His theory differs from Freud in two major ways. One, he believes that children develop through social demands and biological maturation. Two, he believes that there are eight stages and that the unsuccessful completion of a stage will not hinder you from advancing to the next stage, but will cause complications in the rest of the developmental cycle. B.F Skinner believes that children develop through consequences. As simple as these principles sound they are backed by the logic of operant conditioning. This states, learned behaviors become more or less probable depending on the consequences it produces (Sigelman & Rider,…show more content…
Some psychologists provide therapy while psychiatrists provide medication. Adolescents and teenagers sometimes have a severe change in behavior performance and personality due to both biological and environmental factors. They can be prescribed medication for example; a nine year old girl can be prescribed birth control to regulate her cycle. Another example, would be prescribing a child Adderall for them to be able to focus and learn in a school setting. Psychologists and counselors provide therapy to children that have experienced traumatic and stressful situations or events. For example, a child whose parents have divorced will affect their child’s social and environmental development due to stress and change of
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