This study suggests that DBT can successfully inhibit symptoms of BPD. Without this treatment, these patients who suffer from BPD are more likely to perform impulsive actions which could harm themself or others. Patients with BPD tend to quit treatment if they find the actions the therapist performs do not facilitate their needs. The trial’s results were found that the acts of self-harming in the first year to be 50% in the treatment group and DBT to be able to reduce this risk to 25%, a relative risk reduction of 50%. (Andreasson, K.,et al.,2014).
The study conducted by Payne et al. (2007) shows that Rogers’ theory and therapy methods can be used to understand and treat such disorders as post-traumatic stress disorder. Viewing PTSD through a Rogerian view can also expand readers understanding of the person-centered theory and its ability to be applied to many different medical problems despite refusing to label individuals. Although, there is a lack of research regarding CCT and alleviating PTSD symptoms this article is a great aid to therapists seeking a nondirective approach and can be an inspiration for future research. Works Cited Payne, A., Liebling-Kalifani, H., & Joseph, S. (2007).
We as art therapist need to come up with a method to reawaken the positive emotions and address the symptoms of emotional freezing in patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. If not, these patients will suffer lifelong with damaged relations and innumerable ailments, both physical and mental. With that being noted, the method of associative art and its various forms will bridge the gap between the imprisoned emotions detained by those suffering Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and the positive aspects of their life. Associative Art is expressive art forms such as sculpture, drawing, and painting that relates to the traumatic event. In order for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder patients to heal, they need to express and work through their emotions to regain a positive focus.
The effects of stress include biochemical physiological and psychological changes, many of which are associated with ill health effects (Gatchel 1989). Thus medical and psychological research findings in this area are crucial in aiding our understanding of the issue, in order to minimise these effects on health. Stress is usually defined as an interaction between an individual and their environment and the way they interpret what is going on around them and how they are going to cope with it. This allows for individual differences in the way we perceive stressors e.g. divorce, and the way we feel we are able to cope with things.
Murdock (2013) identifies that psychoanalytic therapy is designed for long-term counseling. Freud often recommended a two-week trial period to ensure that a client is suitable for analysis (Murdock, 2013). Ana’s insurance has approved 8 sessions, which does not allow this theory to fully be supported. What will be the counselor’s role with this client? In psychoanalysis the therapist takes on the role of the expert, listening and interpreting Ana’s free associations from her unconscious process.
Some are successfully treated with CBT only, while others need CBT plus medication. O’Donohue & Fisher (2012) express the idea that a person’s perception of their current experience is influences by both external and internal conditions with regard to balance of stress and demand and that high levels of sensitivity to feedback, mainly negative feedback, can actually trigger avoidance and defensiveness in depressed people (p, 188). CBT helps with depression by restructuring harmful thought patterns in the person and helps them to construe their situations as well as their dealings with people in a more constructive
Each diagnostic criteria needs to be addressed in number of ways (Shea, 1988). Sometimes, the patient describe their symptoms in more idiosyncratic way. So, the clinician needs to translate those concerns in to the nosological system (Dozois & Dobson, 2009). Bolland & Keller (2009) emphasize the need to assess the number of previous episodes and their duration because this information is one the predictor for risk of subsequent relapse (Solomon et al, 2000). Dozois & Dobson (2009) have reported to rely upon information related to previous episode carefully as the client may commit the reporting bias.
A cognitive-behavioral therapist utilizes clients’ feelings and thoughts to foster awareness and discussion to finally change detrimental behavior (Rosal, 2016). A common misunderstanding in cognitive-behavior theory (CBT) is that the therapist has the skills and training needed to assess what is best for the client, and therefore the therapeutic relationship is less important (Pickett, 2012). This perception is considered especially true if the client has been diagnosed with a severe mental illness, such as a psychotic disorder (Turkington & Kingdon, 2000) because of the stigma behind mental illness. However, who is responsible for determining what is detrimental to the client’s mental, emotional, and physical health? I will argue only the
Although the major ... ... middle of paper ... ...ciation, 2013). Art therapists have reported significant results in working with combat veterans and theorists have found “psychological and neurological mechanisms that explain the unique capacities of art therapy to promote recovery of PTSD” (Collie, Backos, Malchiodi & Spiegel, 2006 pg 158). The nature of traumatic memories within the memory system is thought to be part of the cause of PTSD. The disconnection of declarative memory and implicit memory can make it hard to verbally describe traumatic memories and make these memories a part of his or her’s own life story (Collie, Backos, Malchiodi & Spiegel, 2006). Art can be used as a reconstruction of the trauma and aide in the management of stress, physical symptoms.
The author concluded that since loss hinges partially on the person’s ability to continue or restore activities that are satisfying or meaningful, it is beneficial for clinicians to help individuals to focus on outward-directed goals versus inward-directed goals (Boelen, 2011). Conclusion The loss of a loved one can be life’s biggest stressors As you can see, Complicated or Prolonged Grief can have far reaching and long lasting negative effects in all areas of an individual’s life if left untreated. The inability to seek treatment or move on from their loss can have life altering effects on one’s life course.