What Is Motor Development Of Age

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Abstract Motor behavior is a sub-discipline of kinesiology that focuses on the understanding of how humans control the way they move around and why they move in said manners. Motor behavior has three main sub-divisions: motor development, motor control, and motor learning. The focus of this paper will be the study of motor development as one ages. Motor development is an ever-changing characteristic process that occurs from birth all the way to death. Many researchers divide motor development into three sub-categories: the cognitive stage, associative stage, and the autonomous stage. Each stage occurs at a different point in one’s life and develops at different rates as well. This study explains the development and various age ranges in which…show more content…
New skills are learned regularly throughout the human lifetime and are enhanced over time with repetition. Starting with childhood, one learns basic skills such as crawling and walking. As a person ages and reaches young adulthood, they begin to build on those basic skills and combine them with others to learn new skills including running and playing sports. However, as one ages and reaches late adulthood, some skills may also begin to deteriorate. With age, the body begins to degenerate causing difficulty performing tasks which were once not very difficult. Tasks such as running become increasingly challenging. Without the routine practice of the skill, the body begins to forget how to perform these tasks, resulting in the decline of motor…show more content…
According to Hermundur Sigmundsson, a professor at The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, young adulthood is considered to be the age range of “19-25” years old. In a study of “Motor Performances Across the Life-Span, Sigmundsson noticed that “motor performance increased from childhood to young adulthood” (Sigmundsson). During their research to discover as to why motor performance increased greatly from childhood to young adulthood, Sigmundsson and his colleagues discovered that the study of Elizabeth Sowell and other researchers had observed that “white [brain] matter volume follows an inverted U shape, with low white matter volume in both children and old adults” (Sigmundsson). From this, Sigmundsson and his colleagues deduced that higher levels of white brain matter correlated with increased levels of motor behavior. As a result of the human brain developing from childhood to young adulthood and degenerating from young adulthood to late adulthood, it is easy to see the reasons for a heightened level of motor behavior in young adulthood as opposed to the other two life
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