Personalities have the tendency to change from birth and throughout life. Each individual is unique and will behave and think differently according to life experiences and connections with people they meet in their social environment. Childhood is an important stage that psychologists have researched due to the influences of family in their early development. Psychologists have also considered how genetics may influence personal traits and forming personalities. This has brought forward the argument of nature versus nurture in early development.
Developmental psychology is the scientific study of changes that occur in human throughout the life span. The development starts from infant until old age. Childhood is a time of tremendous change, but people also continue to grow slowly and develop during adulthood. It is a continuous process with a predictable sequence. These developmental changes may be influenced by genetic factor, environment factor and maturation factor.
Human Development and Psychology: Human development is the study of how human beings change over their entire lifespan. It is also essential to psychology in the way of understanding how humans learn, adapt, and mature in their lives. Some of the aspects psychologists study in human development is physical, cognitive, social, and intellectual growth. This domain interested me because of the many different factors included in development. There are several differences from when someone is a child to when they are older.
What is less obvious are the many important physiological and neurological changes occurring that will facilitate the other areas of development. During infancy and early childhood, children develop an incredible number of synapses, or branches that reach between neurons. Shortly after this fantastic cycle of growth, many of these synapses disappear. Those that are used more frequently remain. This pro... ... middle of paper ... ...stically present the three overarching perspectives that guide today's researchers and practitioners of developmental psychology, David Bjorklund and Carlos Hern?
In this section of the paper I will briefly discuss three cognitive functions of development and the environment... ... middle of paper ... ...guage and physical development, as well as cognitive development. In conclusion, I have discussed cognitive development as it relates to the mental aging process of infancy through adolescence. As instructed in the assignment outline, I chose the following three cognitive functions; thinking, intelligence, and language. To the best of my knowledge, I briefly discussed each function based on the information outlined in the text. I also attempted to discuss Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development as they relate to the infancy stage through adolescence throughout the lifespan.
A newborn child’s physical and motor development is an evident progression throughout their first years and later in life. A child’s motor development is more of a slower progress, from going to gross motor skills to more fine motor skills in a few months while physical development is an evident process. The environment affects children in their physical and motor growth, as they learn and adapt to new stimuli everyday as they develop. Separately, these developments start at different times but function hand in hand as a child grows. Physical development is evident at conception, early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence; while motor development happens a little later during early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence.
A human being begins life as a single cell. This cell changes throughout its life time to develop into a unique individual. Human development is the scientific study of the patterns associated with this change in accordance with the internal and external conditions of its existence (Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2009). In exploring human development, there are three key areas that need to be addressed. These comprise of physical development, cognitive development and finally psychosocial development.
As children grow towards adolescence they go through many stages of development. Child development refers to the stages of physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and language growth that occurs from the birth to beginning of adulthood. All aspects of a child's development may be affected by many different factors, including a poor learning environment, lack of social interaction, cultural background differences, abuse, and loss of a parent. All of the before mentioned examples can affect the child's maturation, "a biological growth process that enables orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience" (Myers 172). Children grow and mature at very different rates, some faster than others, which is why it is necessary to understand the importance of the different types of child development.
THE IMPORTANCE OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT FOR EDUCATORS Education plays a vital role in developing children mental and social skills. Children and adolescents pass through lots of development stages on the way to becoming adults. Children develop physical, cognitive, linguistic, cultural, social, psychological and ethical, but they all develop at the different rate, as they do tend to follow stages. A teacher needs to understand what a child at a certain age should developmentally be able to do. Research in developmental neuroscience has demonstrated that children grow at different rates and may not achieve the same stage at the same pace.
Developmental psychology is continuous complex processes which progress through stages that begin at birth and continues until death. The development of a child mainly depends on prenatal care, physical, intellectual, social, and improvement in language. Mental growth progresses with the increase of knowledge which the children are born with. Psychologists like Jean Piaget have developed a procedure in which development occurs. Piaget suggests that the parents are responsible for helping the child to learn and provide appropriate materials for interaction and construction of k... ... middle of paper ... ...