What Is Mitosis And Meiosis?

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The process of cell division plays a very important role in the everyday life of human beings as well as all living organisms. If we did not have cell division, all living organisms would cease to reproduce and eventually perish because of it. Within cell division, there are some key roles that are known as nuclear division and cytokinesis. There are two types within nuclear division. Those two types being mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis and meiosis play a very important role in the everyday life as well. Mitosis is the asexual reproduction in which two cells divide in two in order to make duplicate cells. The cells have an equal number of chromosomes which will result in diploid cells. Mitosis is genetically identical and occurs in all living…show more content…
For the cell, the job of meiosis is the reduction of number of chromosomes of the gametes from diploid to haploid. The job of meiosis in the chromosome is to go through both of the phases and produce more new cells to have the four haploid daughter cells. Finally, the job of meiosis in the organism is to reproduce sexually by making sex cells in humans, animals, plants, and fungi. The differences between the phases of mitosis and meiosis are that in mitosis, it has 1 cell division, duplicates the DNA, occurs in somatic cells, and no crossing over happens. In meiosis, it has 2 cell divisions, reduces the DNA, occurs in gametes or sperm and egg cells, while crossing over happens. They are both similar in which they both create daughter cells, headed by at least one round of DNA replication, and have similar stages for cell division.
The differences between the two phases of meiosis are that in meiosis I, while the cell undergoes the phases, prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, and telophase I, it causes the cell to divide into two with each of the cells having a double stranded chromosome. But in meiosis II, it is just the division of the the cells from meiosis I. The ending result being that four haploid daughter
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