Competing narratives of the ‘bad’, evil monstrosity, versus the ‘mad’, pathological women will be analysed in relation to in reinforcing gender stereotypes. This essay will argue that gender is the lens through which female criminal may be, judged, persecuted and alienated from woman hood and humanity all together. The profound significance of gender i... ... middle of paper ... ...x, M. (1996). Telling Stories Of Women Who Kill. Social and Legal Studies.
In this genre of women's oppression is part of class oppression in the relations of production, so that women's issues are always placed in the framework of a critique of capitalism. During the capitalist oppression of women is getting stronger, one of which is used as a female workers with lower wages than men, or women as a reserve. So the oppression of women is structural and will be completed when there is a change in the class structure, in terms of eliminating the international capitalist system. 4. Socialist Feminism In socialist feminism assumes that the historical materialist method Mark and Engels with his ideas about the personal is political in the radicals do synthesis.
Radical feminisms have been very vocal and ac... ... middle of paper ... ...debate has occurred within socialist feminist circles about the exact relationship between sexual, economic class, and racial oppression. Some, usually termed Marxist-feminists, claim that economic class causes oppression. Although they recognize women's oppression as part of a complicated attachment of male dominance, they view it always through its capitalist foundations. Socialist feminists name society's system of male privilege, patriarchy. All socialist feminists recognize that capitalism—the exchange of one's labour for wages to create someone else's profit—is particularly problematic for women.
Dicker describes the revolutionary movements that brought about the changes in the society in terms of gender equality and women's rights. Although Dicker reveals significant similarities between the types of struggles in the first and second waves of feminism in the United States, ultimately she demonstrates that the differences outweigh the similarities. In the first wave of feminism, Dicker depicts the struggle that the women are going through to attain women’s right to vote and equality. In the nineteenth century, women were prohibited from voting and feminist such as Susan Anthony got in trouble when then went to vote and were faced with charges. As evidenced in the quote from the book, ‘... women deserved to make their voices heard and, in so doing, create laws that would benefit and protect them,’ the right to vote not only women gave them a chance to make socio-political changes in the country that would empower them, but also gender equality (Dicker 54).
According to Durkheim (1938) and the functionalist perspective crime is an inevitable by-product of a healthy society. He argued that crime and punishment serves a function to society. Social change stems from deviance therefore it is necessary for the advancement of society. Albert Cohen (1966) and Rob... ... middle of paper ... ...ivision of labour is inadequate to explain the role of women in society. Feminists have accused Murdock, Parson's and Bowlby of ignoring the fact that culture and socialisation determines a women's position in society.
Victim blaming occurs when a victim of a crime is held responsible, partly if not entirely, for the wrongful act committed against them. In the United States, victim blaming is most prevalent in circumstances of rape and other sexual assaults towards women. This stems from being a society that views women as lesser beings, as evidenced by unequal pay, under representation in the media, and an inadequate presence in government. When women are viewed as lesser beings and are not respected, violence against women prevails. The trend of blaming victimized women for the crimes committed against them exemplifies the broad issue of hatred towards the female gender in the United States.
Furthermore, male-dominated sexuality provokes women oppression and such subordination is extrapolated to other areas; (Walby; 1990, p. 3/118).As Crouch (2001), Mckinnon (1979) and Schultz (1998) theorise sexual hara... ... middle of paper ... ...’s view also explains the division of labour, as girls are modelling by mothers creating psychological link to mothering, whereas men do not as result of being mothered by women. Nevertheless, such pattern could be eradicated by changing social arrangements; mothers working outside home and fathers doing house tasks. Postmodernism theory is the last key feature of feminist social theory. It focuses on new approaches to analyses social world, challenging most of the modernist assumptions of social theory (Bilton et all1981, p.130). Postmodernism social theory is mostly interested in methodologies based on autobiographical forms, which are related to the concern of sociology about identity, and the aim of many feminist to explore the social world of women using their own experiences (Bilton et all1981, p.130).
Abusive Women in Great Expectations One may infer that Dickens may have been attempting to acknowledge the birth of female freedom, due to the industrial revolution, by way of the female characters' actions within Great Expectations. Considering that he creates such verbal execution performed by many of the female characters within the novel suggests that women were usually treated as equals, this not being the case. By allowing these women to be verbally and physically abusive, Dickens may have been presenting the distorted idea toward female criminals and violent women. Violence appeared to be a gendered act usually resulting in male over female dominance during the nineteenth century (D'Cruse 21). Within the novel, Dickens creates situations in which the female characters have the upper hand.
The feminist conflict reflects differences over women’s position in society based on the sexist belief that men are superior to women and feminist’s belief that women and men are equal if different in capability and power. The play Trifles written 1916 and the play Proof written 2001 offer an interesting opportunity to compare and contrast how feminism appears in the forms of stereotypes stemming from a patriarchal culture. In the play “Trifles” the women solve a murder mystery as they tend to stereotypically trifling “women’s work” such as mending and cleaning, making preserves and caring for pets. As these women discuss each “trifle” of the accused murderer, Mrs. Wright, they women see through her daily activities that her life consisted of cold male domination and psychological abuse. Therefore, they find the real evidence behind the murder as the men cannot find a single clue as to the motive or proof.
It will also look at the historical differences between crimes committed by males and females and the growing trend of women involvement in drug offences. This essay will also examine the status of mental health of women within the criminal justice system and explore if this issue is more prevalent amongst female offenders. ‘Women and men are different. Equal treatment of men and women does not result in equal outcomes.’ (Corsten Report, 16: 2007) According to Covington and Bloom (2003) numerous feminist writers have demonstrated and documented the patriarchal nature of our society and the variety of ways in which the patriarchal values serve masculine needs. ‘Despite claims to the contrary, masculinist epistemologies are built upon values that promote masculine needs and desires, making all others invisible’ (Kaschak, 11: 1992).