What Is Borderline Personality Disorder

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There are many different personality disorders. Every personality disorder is marked by their own specific symptoms. These symptoms have been active in the individual for a long period of time. These symptoms cause distress to the individuals’ interpersonal relationships, and their functioning in society. Borderline personality disorder is a disorder in which individuals suffer turmoil in inter-personal relationships. This particular personality disorder has a specific list of symptoms that separate it from other personality disorders. This personality disorder is particularly known for individuals engaging in self-mutilation, and extreme destructive behaviors. This personality disorder has many symptoms. Every individual with borderline…show more content…
There are several different ways an individual can perform self-mutilation. An individual can cut themselves, burn themselves, rip apart at open sores, (not allowing them to heal properly, possibly causing infection), scratching at themselves, ripping at their hair, cutting their cuticles until painfully blooding, etc. There are many reasons why an individual, with or without this personality disorder, would do such a thing to themselves. The first is that they feel as if they deserve the pain they inflict upon themselves due to guilt or self-loathing. Harming themselves acts as a form of “release” of the negative emotions one would be feeling. Another reason is because many individuals with borderline personality disorder have dissociate issues, feeling in a dream-like state, as if they do not exist. Therefore, harming themselves reminds the individuals that they are in-fact, a living being. To continue, anger is a major symptom within borderline personality disorder. The suffering individual does not usually contain, or control anger well. Self-harm is used as an outlet for anger, especially individuals with borderline personality. Control, is one the main factors of self-harm. The individual cannot control what is going on in their lives, or the emotions they are feeling, but they can control their physical pain. Lastly, people continue doing this because it all feel familiar.…show more content…
Dissociate symptoms are in the criteria for borderline personality disorder, but are not as common. Individuals that suffer from dissociative symptoms can feel as if they are outside of their own body, feeling as if everything is “dream like.” This dream like state can make individuals feel as if nothing is real, making individuals think things such as “is this real”, “is life real”, etc. This dissociative issue is called existential crisis. This issue makes the individuals feel foggy, and tired most of the time. To continue, another trait of borderline personality disorder is chronic feelings of emptiness. This emptiness individuals experience appears to have no cause, and doesn’t appear to be relievable. Chronic feelings of worthlessness are also paired with this symptom of hollowness. This symptom may lead to the individual being anxious, or having anxiety, because they’re “not good enough.” The causes of borderline personality disorder appear to be up for debate. One of the many theories is childhood trauma. The majority of individuals that have been diagnosed as suffering from borderline personality disorder have history of some sort of childhood trauma, whether it be sexual abuse, losing a loved one, etc. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2014), “ A history of childhood trauma (e.g., physical or sexual
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