The Reichstag building was burned down on 27 February 1933. This helped Hitler to gain a majority in the upcoming March election. The Nazis blamed the fire on the communists, specifically Van der Lubbe - and they claimed that he intended to spark a communist uprising in Germany. It is debatable as to who really caused the fire. Although Van der Lubbe confessed to it, some historians claim that the Nazis started the fire themselves deliberately to increase their chances of success.
When Hitler heard the news about the fire he gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very night." Hindenburg didn’t agree but he did agree that Hitler should take "dictatorial powers". Shaken Hindenburg, was easily convinced that the nation was on the verge of a communist revolution, was induced by Hitler to sign an emergency decree. KPD candidates in the election were arrested and Goering announced that the Nazi Party planned "to exterminate" German communists. In the March 5 elections the Nazis got their best ever result.
Adolf Hitler Becoming the Chancellor of Germany In this essay I will explore the reasons why Hitler became the Fuhrer of Germany and shall study in detail the chain of events that helped him to do this. On February 27th 1933, just after Hitler became chancellor the Reichstag building mysteriously caught fire and burned down. A Dutch communist, Marinus Van der Lubbe, was found with matches in his pocket. There and then he was charged the crime of setting the Reichstag building alight, and later confessed. He was executed on trial.
Hitler's Becoming a Dictator There are many factors that allowed Hitler to seize power in 1934. One reason was the Munich Putsch, which put Hitler in jail and allowed him to write “Mein Kampf” and the 25-point programme, which helped him to win votes. Another reason was the Wall Street crash, which caused another depression in Germany, which made people vote for the Nazi party. Another reason Hitler was able to come into power was the Reichstag fire, which the Nazis blamed on a communist and this affected the 1933 Election in their favour. The fire also allowed Hitler to pass the “Enabling act”, which basically meant that no one could oppose him and Germany had to do what he said without question.
Hitler's Changing of Germany from a Democracy to a Dictatorship Their where many situations that occurred causing Hitler to rise to power and change Germany from a democracy to a Dictatorship. I will now give an account of what are I think are the main reasons. In order of date I believe that the reasons were the Reichstag fire, the general election, the enabling act, the Gestapo, the trade unions ban and of course the night of the long knives. I will know explain each one. On the 27th of February 1933 a fire took place at the parliament of Germany.
It was particularly successful as Hitler had secured his authority, and was even thanked for his `gallant intervention' by Hindenburg. It also gave reassurance to many right wingers that Hitler was prepared to be ruthless. Another use of violence was on May 1st, when the Trade Union offices were destroyed by the SA. With everything destroyed, the workers were obliged to join the German Labour Front (DAF) which again was very effective in eliminating a large group of opponents in one night. The SA were also used to create fear before elections, in order to get more support for the NSDAP, and also after the Reichstag fire to get support for the Enabling Act.
After taking office as chancellor, Hitler quickly out maneuvered Papen and the conservative nationalists. The Reichstag Fire, February 1933 A new Reichstag election was scheduled for early March 1933. Only a few days before the election, on February 27, the Reichstag building was partially destroyed by fire. The Nazis may well have set the blaze, but they blamed the Communists, charging that the Communists were plotting to seize power. Hitler convinced Hindenburg to take strong action against the supposed Communist threat,... ... middle of paper ... ...e population.
Throughout the 20th century many people influenced the world for better or worse. However one man completely changed history for even those alive today. This man was Adolf Hitler. He was a anti-semitic, anti-Marxist dictator that dominated Europe into believing that Jews were the root of all evil. Adolf Hitler is one of the most influential figures of the 20th century because his reign and military leadership of Germany lead to World War II, he killed millions of Jews trying to perfect humanity through the Holocaust and his efforts of world domination influenced history forever.
Hitler said the fire was evidence of a communist plot to take control of the government. Hitler used this to his advantage and persuaded Hindenburg to sign an emergency decree, the law for the Protection of People and the State'. This new rule ended all freedoms guaranteed in the constitution and gave the police total power. Working with the S.A., the police arrested Communist leaders, detained them without trial and closed all their newspapers down. A lot of evidence actually points to the Nazi's burning down the Reichstag building.
· August 1934 Hitler became Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor. I will go through each of these main steps and say how each of them effected Hitler and his establishment of the Nazi dictatorship. After the fire in the Reichstag on the 27th February 1933, which was believed to be started by a Communist, Hitler told President Hindenburg that Germany was in great danger from the Communists and convinced him to pass a law called, ‘The Protection of the People and State.’ This was made to look like a good law for the public when actually it was only good for Hitler. It gave him the power to suspend parts of the constitution. This enabled him to smash his opponents, the Communist’s, election campaign.