What Factors Affect Voter Turnout and Election Results

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Voter turnout, as well as election results, depend upon and are effected by several different factors. Everything from family status to beliefs about abortion can determine how a person will vote. In my presentation, however, I focused on three aspects that effect voter turnout and elections. I found, in my research, that a voter's age, sex and party identification greatly factor into how a person will cast his or her vote.

Men and women differ greatly in many aspects of life, and voting is one of them. In the 1992 Presidential elections, women were found by the U.S. Census' Current Population Reports to have voted two percent more than men did. Of the 62% of women who did vote, more were found to have supported Bill Clinton rather than George Bush. the 1992 voter turnout numbers among white, African-American, and Hispanic women reflect the success of movements to increase female participation in the voting process. Programs like the League of Women Voters actively recruit women to "get out the vote." Today, the League also encourages men to vote, and men are welcomed as members. In its beginning, however, the League's sole purpose was to educate women about their rights as citizens and to discourage the popular belief that politics was a husband's job. Men have always possessed the right to vote, while women gained their voting privileges relatively recently. In general, women vote more than men do today because they are still catching up for lost time and votes.

Having already scrutinized voter turnout according to sex, the next obvious categorization of the population is age. In the 1992 elections, the greatest increase in voter turnout out of all categories was among the age groups of 18 to 24-year-olds and 25 to 44-ye...

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...64% of African-Americans, and 37% of all Hispanics. Although 42% of Hispanics voted with the Independent Party in 1996, the majority of women and African-Americans supported Democrats.

In conclusion, the Elections team did in fact find a certain amount of chaos within the election process. However, when voter turnout and election results are broken down into minute categories, such as sex, age, and race, the chaos becomes difficult to find. The numbers that I found in my research were in fact quite predictable, especially during the past four decades. On a broader scale, elections depend upon conditions such as the economy, world politics, and general happiness of the public. These factors are found to be generally difficult to predict, and suddenly chaos becomes an integral part of the typically predictable and often unsuspenseful voting and elections process.

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