What Are The Two Models Of Strategic Planning

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A theory is a tentative way of explaining something. “It consists of a set of assumptions, concepts, relationships, and logic that are combined to explain a phenomenon of interest (Johnson & Kruse, 2009).” “Theories come from science and research. The purpose of theory/theorizing is to understand and control the world in which we live by describing and explaining it. Education is saturated with theory (Johnson, 2015). Theory can be both normative and descriptive. The normative explains the “ought” while the descriptive explains the “is”. Each practitioner’s goal is to marry the two as closely as possible (Johnson, 2015). A theory represents an idea that is research based with the premise of helping society by better understanding some…show more content…
The two models for strategic planning are rational and political. The rational model requires vision and commitment because it is a model for logic and sequence. Goals compel polices that dictate programs, and it is these programs that are comprised of the specific actions that allow for the goal to be met. This model deals with the normative. This top down logic does not exist in the political model, which is more descriptive and politically viable (Johnson, 2015). More general policies are the effect of issues and problems that occur. Both of these to models can produce change, positive and negative. They both are highly dictated by politics and should be the product of strategic thinking. They contrast in the level of detail and the practicality. They function within the same reality and must be part of a practitioners…show more content…
The steps and actions required for planning should be goal identification, identification of policies to realize the goal, development of programs, action-plan development, and goal monitoring. The political context of every issue should be on the forefront of every administrator’s mind. I do not think it is possible to separate the political from the rational and why would you. Schools and the people in them are products of politics and to try to separate the two in naïve (Johnson & Kruse, 2010). Strategic leaders are always mindful of the political implications for every decision. The strategic thinker should seek an advantage in using the politics of issues to be increasingly effective. 6. Context in an invaluable concept that gives meaning to all ideas, statistics and data. Without context we limited to very abstract ideas. Decision context refers many dynamic and variable factors such as the following: Cultural, social, organizational, resource, temporal, risk, etc. (Johnson & Kruse, 2011). All the different factors that have led to that decision, are influenced by the decision, and influence the decision are the ‘context’. As a middle school administrator my context are the school system, teachers, students, cultures, demographics, politics, etc. Experience pays dividends when dealing with decisions that are rich in context. Every decision is made up of factors that
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