Discuss the social psychological approach in psychology and identify the kinds of questions that social psychologists attempt to answer. This essay will study what social psychology actually is and the debates within the field as well as the history and origins of social psychology. In addition to this it will then continue and look at what they study within this field and what types of questions to ask and what results they gain from this. The question of what social psychology actually is, is not something that is easy to answer as it has been regarded as a diverse and fragmented discipline that is divided by the battle between experimental and critical social psychology. This is based on whether it should be a science or not, the ideology and what constitutes the social world (Rogers,).
Experimental Variables In order to have a successful, reliable experiment you need sufficient data and evidence, reliable research, variables to test and a follow – up experiment. There are several types of variables you need to do an experiment. An independent variable is the manipulated experimental factor that is changed to see what the effects are. A dependent variable is the outcome. This factor can change in an experiment in reaction to the changes in the independent variable.
In conclusion, the Strange Situation Procedure has many limitations on how useful it is to understand attachment, however has allowed us to understand attachment in more depth. Attachment behaviours are easily available to a researcher when conducting this procedure, therefore making this an efficient and convenient way to look at attachment behaviours. On the other hand, there is a lack of general and ecological validity within this procedure, which can cause unreliability of results that have been recorded and observed and can be difficult to apply to other people in other countries. Either way enabled researchers a way to quickly have an insight on a child’s behaviours towards attachment.
Define internal and external validity. Discuss the importance of each. Internal validity refers to whether the effects observed in a study are due to the manipulation of the independent variable and not some other factor. In other words there is a causal relationship between the independent and dependent variable. External validity is the validity of generalized (causal) inferences in scientific research, usually based on experiments as experimental validity.
Whether the Amount of Noise in an Environment Affects an Individual's Ability to Memorize Words in a Limited Amount of Time Hypothesis ---------- In a noisy environment, fewer words will be memorised, as it will be harder to concentrate and memorise words. Method ------ Design The type of experiment we did was a lab experiment as it was controlled, as the participants knew they were taking part and also we controlled the locations in which the experiment took place. This was a good thing, as we wanted fair and accurate results, which came from an experiment in which we controlled the conditions. The locations we used were the cafeteria for the noisy environment as it is constantly filled with noise and people and the learning centre for the quiet environment where there is absolute silence and no noise whatsoever. We used an independent measures design.
Also, threat to external validity of the study will influence the ability to generalize the result of the study “beyond the subjects used for the experiment and beyond the laboratory in which the experiment was conducted” (Jackson, 2012; P.239). #6. Both within-subjects design and matched-subjects design used different participants in each condition; but one major difference is the carryover effects, that mean participating in one condition changes makes it difficult to participate in the second condition (Jackson, 2012; P.242). What is the purpose of conducting an experiment? How does an experimental de... ... middle of paper ... ... design where participants are matched between conditions on variable that the researcher deemed to be relevant to the research.
The study is well controlled, so it is unlikely that there are any other factors affecting the findings. However, some participants may guess the aim, and may either try to help the experimenter or hinder. As I am using an independent groups design, there will be no problem with order effects, but individual differences may have an effect on the results. PB5: Identify potential sources of bias in the investigation and any possible confounding variables. (2 marks) Individual differences may affect the findings.
Use of scientific methods Scientific methods refer to calculated research methodology that identifies a problem, provision of relevant data and a process of formulating the hypothesis based on experiments. The scientific method also involves systematic observation and testing of a specific hypothesis. Scientific methods constitute essential science experiments. The systematic methods are, used to determine naturally occurring phenomenon. This is a useful tool in explaining specific questions while maintain the area of focus.
It can also be costly because in order to determine the accuracy of a studies result, it needs to be replicated (Craig & Dunn, 2013). Typically experiments focusing on groups use the method of random assignment which assigns each participant arbitrarily, in order that the groups do not vary in significant ways. The quasi-experimental method can be more beneficial than typical group experiments, in circumstances where the independent variable cannot be randomly allocated (Craig & Dunn,
The research question here is: What is the significant role of Puthiya Thalaimurai channel in providing participatory model of social development in the society? 3.3 Objectives of Research The focus of the research is to arrive at solutions to the research question through the use of scientific procedures. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which has not yet been systematically studied through a logical construction of different steps. Just as each research work has a particular and exclusive purpose, the research here has also a specific purpose, that is, to analyse the social development oriented programmes and to study their impact on the society. The following are the some of the objectives of the research: 1.