ABSTRACT The demand of energy is growing, causing the energy crisis to worsen. A new source of energy must be found before fossil fuels run out. Nuclear fusion is a possible way of producing electricity. The D-T and D-3He reactions can produce enough energy to last thousands of years because there is a virtually limitless amount of deuterium on Earth, and tritium and helium-3 can be made from deuterium. Therefore, nuclear fusion is a promising environment-friendly source of energy.
During the era of the Industrial Revolution, fossil fuels had changed the way the world does everything by providing a easy source of a lot of energy. However, the consequences of using fossil fuels became a serious long-term issue. The Earth’s supply of fossil fuels is finite, and the rate of replenishment is miniscule to our gluttonous consumption. In addition, extracting energy from fossil fuels produced large quantities of unwanted by-products. Nuclear power would present itself in the same way that fossil fuels did centuries prior: an easily available source of nearly-limitless energy.
For over a hundred years the Earth has become more polluted and dirtier than ever before. Now, with new, innovative technology there is an opportunity to change that and to rely on renewable, cleaner sources of energy. The main source of energy for the world should be alternative energy instead of energy from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are energy that is in the form of coal, oil, or natural gas that comes from organisms from millions of years ago. The cycle to create fossil fuels takes millions of years to form and is therefore considered a nonrenewable resource of energy.
Nuclear waste remains dangerous to humans for 200 thousand years” (1). The lengthy amount of time that it must be isolated casts doubt in the ability to guarantee a safe system of disposal. The nuclear industry and some of those in Congress propose dumping the waste into the Yucca Mountain; however, the mountain is seis... ... middle of paper ... ...s the safest energy alternative available. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nuclear power is the most reliable energy source being mass produced and is safer than coal or natural gas (1). Perhaps the greatest danger facing our world today is a combination of global warming and the greenhouse effect.
“The release of atomic energy has not created a new problem. It has merely made more urgent the necessity of solving an existing one.” (Albert Einstein). This problem consists of the ever rising energy demand worldwide, which is directly proportional to the steady increase of the world’s population (See figure 1 in the appendices). This increase resulted in an accelerated depletion of the resources of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas (See figure 2). For centuries, fossil fuel was, and still is the most conventional source for generating energy.
Nuclear Energy The world is running out of fossil fuels and this decrease in supply is causing an increase in price for the consumer. There is a growing need to find alternative sources for energy. The World Energy Council predicts that the world will be using 50 percent more energy by the year 2020 (Morgan). Among the options for more energy are wind, solar, water, and nuclear powers. Nuclear power gives far more bang for the buck than the others.
INTRODUCTION The effects on the United States would be enormous if nuclear energy was to completely replace fossil fuels in the production of electricity. With fossil fuel resources disappearing quicker than can be produced, our nation is entering a serious energy crisis. However the future may not be too bleak since many studies have come out on the advantages of nuclear energy. The Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) has undertaken an immense amount of research and produced many studies on the benefits of nuclear energy and its ability to produce the electricity necessary for the United States. Studies on the safety of transportation, benefits of radiation, reliability and economic uses of nuclear energy, and benefits for the environment have proved repeatedly the need for the replacement of fossil fuels.
Still, while the advantages of nuclear energy are vast. Petroleum is still the most largely used energy source in the United States. This is due to the fact that it is much cheaper to refine oil than to maintain multiple power plants. The cost to extract oil from the ground at the moment is much less than extracting uranium, put... ... middle of paper ... ...ion in taxes that nuclear plants are giving to the federal government yearly. This is far more efficient supply wise than coal, oil, and other natural gases.
It is too expensive, generate a large amount of waste, unsustainable, and arguably better alternatives exist. Nuclear fission and fusion were set to be the energy saviors back during the cold war, but fusion’s a pipedream with a new breakthrough every other year but still nowhere closer. Fission has become a boon for smaller countries but the US is too large and has too many people to fully utilize it. Maybe in another 50 years if we aren’t running out of uranium yet reactors will have improved enough to power the country, but right now it’s not the
Since power plants are so expensive many poor countries will not have the opportunity to have nuclear energy (Burgess, J. n.d. para.12). Some argue that that the construction costs will exceed the countries credit limit, making them into deeper debt. Overall in the end Nuclear power plants can be seen as a good alternative for energy and also be seen as harmful. Through fission the power plants are able to create electricity through the two types of nuclear reactors, the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWRs) and the Boiling Water Reactor (BWRs). Most states have nuclear power plants now and produce 20% of the nation’s power; around 3 million Americans live within 10 miles of an operating nuclear power plant (Nuclear power plants, n.d.para.1).