Ephors were elected annually Differences aside in their ruling structures, Athens and Sparta equally believed that the people should have a voice in governing themselves. It is unfortunate that their forward thinking views of political structure and policy were not picked up and applied until the 18th century. Had there been more civilizations around and after the time of Athens and Sparta, surely mankind would be much different than what we currently know. It certainly makes one wonder what is further along the political timeline in terms of policy and global mindset. Athens and Sparta were in no way perfect utopian societies to live in, but had their models for democracy been further developed by those who came after them, where would that have lead us to today?
Athens government was an oligarchy, meaning ruled by few. Only the rich citizens of Athens had power in the government. The lower class had a large disadva... ... middle of paper ... ...tering their country. This limits trade and relationships with other countries. Sparta did not do much trading and did not have much to do with other poleis.
Sparta and Athens are two city-states that clashed greatly with each other in Greece. The life in both of these Greek places very vastly differ from each other, and the great differences among these two city-states eventually led them to war. There were similarities and differences involving how each city state was politically, economically, culturally and socially. Along with these, the roles between Spartan and Athenian women differed as well. Sparta and Athens were both advanced and intelligent in their own ways which led each of them to find their own success.
Sparta Vs Athens In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. During a time of many military battles Athens decided to worry more about comfort and culture. It is the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as it's first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece.
Solon basically laid the foundations for democracy with his reforms. Tyranny comes from the Greek word “tyrannos” meaning “usurper with supreme power”. A tyrant was a non-heredit... ... middle of paper ... ...poorer citizens would also be able to exercise their democratic rights and not be penalised because they could not take off from earning their livelihood. Sparta had an element of democracy in that citizens were able to vote in the assembly. However, the Gerousia and Ephors were able to veto its decisions and therefore the democratic element of Spartan society was very superficial.
Slaves had no vote, no participation in government, and no recourse from a cruel master. Athenian government relied upon direct democracy to raise taxes, make laws, and gather armed forces when necessary. The American experiment in democracy differs significantly from the Athenian form of government. America utilizes a representative form of democracy. Because of the huge population, when compared to Athens, a direct democracy is impractical.
A dike case would be similar to a modern civil case; both cases involve a dispute between two individuals. Where a graphe case is similar to a modern criminal case were in both cases the state or public is affected. Both the Athenian and American court system entrust a random jury of peers with the responsibility of determining truth. The Greeks system of democracy was an entirely new concept when it was created, and one that has had lasting affects as it continues to influence present day politics around the globe. Modern day democracies may very well not exist if it wasn’t for the success the Athenians had with democracy.
IS. In The Suppliants, Euripides wrote, “The people cannot form proper judgements and therefore cannot rightly direct a state”. However, people do have the ability to rule the state, without having to meet any arbitrary requirements to be fit to rule. While the term ‘proper judgement’ is highly subjective, the notion that only a few have the ability to rule is paternalistic. Euripides is living in the midst of democracy in Athens, therefore his quote is a critique of what is happening around him.
There is much is to be praised regarding Classical Greece for their courage, their progressive thinking and the birth of democracy. However, I think it is important to remember that in both cases, Athens and Sparta were able to sustain their lifestyle on the backs of countless slaves, non-citizens and women and that there is a darker and less romantic side to the past. Discussion: In Sparta, only citizens could be members of the assembly. Sparta’s assembly was not a democracy it was a dictatorship. Sparta was a unique dual kingship, one king went to war and the other king stayed home.
Athenian government was not immune to tyranny either. Through exercising their political influence, popular Athenian statesmen overruled the sovereignty of Athenian citizens, coercing the Athenian government to enact laws in their favor. In Professor Paul Cartledge’s article “The Democratic Experiment”, Cartledge states, “To make it as participatory as possible, most officials and all jurymen were selected by lot. This was thought to be the democratic way, since election favored the rich, famous and powerful over the ordinary citizen (Cartledge, 2014).” It was for this very reason that the Athenian Empire met its demise during the Peloponnesian War, causing the city-states of Ancient Greece to wage war against the tyrannical corruption of Athens. Truly, the many different forms of Greek government hold both similarities and differences.