It took a monumental effort by the National Air and Space Administration (NASA) and billions of dollars to reach this point. The Apollo Missions’ accidents, successes, and space leadership have drastically changed America’s space program. On the 25th of May, President Kennedy shocked the nation with his historical speech to put an American on the moon before the decade was out. “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard!” Kennedy announced. In the rest of his speech he challenged the Nation’s smartest minds to build a rocket capable of lifting a man to the Moon and returning him safely to the earth.
On January 28, 1986, the American shuttle Challenger was completely destroyed 73 seconds after liftoff, a catastrophic end to the shuttle's tenth mission. This disaster took the lives of all seven astronauts aboard. One of those astronauts was a teacher, Christa McAuliffe, who was selected to go on the mission and still teach but teach to students all over the United States from space. It was later determined that two rubber O-rings, which had been designed to separate the sections of the rocket booster, had failed because of cold temperatures on the morning of the launch. This tragedy and the aftermath received widespread media coverage and urged NASA to temporarily suspend all shuttle missions.
Sadly, Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, which was two years after his goal was announced. His death sparked a new fire as America worked as one to get a man to the moon, one step at at time. The two space programs that were involved in the Space Race were NASA, which stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Soviet Space Program. NASA was established by Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 29th, 1958. It funded and oversaw all the American space missions during the Space Race, and is still running today, which helps preserve the history NASA had.
All the mission objectives ... ... middle of paper ... ...first launch that had been attended by a former U.S. president, Richard Nixon. Astronauts Charles Conrad Jr., Alan L. Bean, and Richard F. Gordon Jr., were all chosen to complete this mission. Conrad, Bean, and Gordon achieved a precise landing at their expected location on November 19, 1969. During this mission, the crew carried the first color television camera to the moon’s surface, but transmission from this camera was lost after Alan Bean accidentally pointed it at the Sun which destroyed the camera. The mission objectives were selenological inspection, surveys and samplings in the landing areas, development of techniques for precision-landing capabilities, further evaluate the human capability to work in the lunar environment for a long period of time, and photography of potential exploration sites for future missions.
The three astronauts went to sleep knowing that their goal was just below them. With little sleep the astronauts had breakfast and prepared for lunar entry. Every thing had to be perfect all buttons and dials were checked to see if they were in their proper place. Buzz and Neil climbed in the delicate lunar module and strapped in for their decent to the lunar surface. Collins knew there was a fifty- percent chance he could be alone if the lunar module failed.
NASA then turned their attention to the moon in Project Apollo, which was successful in 1969 when the Apollo 11 mission first put a man on the moon. The Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz Test Projects soon followed in the early and mid-1970s. NASA then resumed their human space flights in 1981, with the Space Shuttle program that is still continued today to help build the International Space Station (Launius &... ... middle of paper ... ...ar System Exploration. Retrieved March 9, 2003, from http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/whatsnew/pr/021113B.html McDonough, B. (2002, March 28).
The assassination of John F. Kennedy is one of the most devastating events in our nation’s history. John F. Kennedy, also known as JFK, became America’s 35th president when he was elected in 1960. Soon after being elected, Kennedy made it a goal to land a man on the moon. As promised, in 1969, Apollo 11 did just that. Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins were the astronauts that were sent into orbit and eventually landed on the moon (Dunbar).
The Saturn V rockets used for the Apollo missions had three stages. Each stage would burn its engines until it was out of fuel and would then separate from the rocket and then the next one will start. If it wasn’t for the V-2 and German scientist, von Braun the USA would probably have not traveled to space. The USA sent astronaut John Glent to circle the Earth in 1962 to retaliate the launching of Sputnik. In 1969, a milestone was reached when the USA sent astronaut Neil Armstrong to the moon.
On August 18, the US launched its first camera equipped spy satellite, Discoverer XIV. Then on November 8, John F. Kennedy, one of the most important presidents on space exploration, was elected. Then on April 12, 1961, an USSR astronaut Yuri Gagarin, orbits the Earth and becomes the first man in space. Just a month later, on May 5, earth sent their first astronaut, Alan B. Shepard, into space. On May 25, the president decided to address congress and challenge the nation to make the first man to land on the moon.
Lovell was the spacecraft commander for the Apollo 13 mission and was the first person... ... middle of paper ... ...ollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo13.cfm>. "Astronaut Bio: Fred Haise." Astronaut Bio: Fred Haise. NASA, Jan. 1996. Web.