The health issue is health disparities in the nation. This health issue discusses how different health disease or disorders of racial and ethnic minorities differ against those of Whites. Health disparities are persistent and pervasive in America, affecting its racial and ethnic minorities, other at-risk populations, and those of low socioeconomic and educational status (World Health Organization, 2011). There is now a national government funded association, NPA, in place to address health equity. To combat the factors that lead to disparities the organization has put into place a systemic plan that over time will result in equality of healthcare.
The introduction and implementation of the Affordable Healthcare Act has put the insurance industry and healthcare costs under the public microscope. As politicans, insurance executives, doctors and consumers scutinize every cost associated with healthcare, Preventive Health Care has become a topic of debate. Preventive health care saves lives and contribute to a better quality of life by diagnosing medical conditions at early more treatable stages. This paper examines the effectiveness of preventive healthcare in containment of health care costs and overall health benefit of consumers. After a brief introduction to preventive health care, the paper provides evidence of prevention activities that generate significant cost saving to consumers, the effects preventive care has on health care providers and how both impact consumer health.
Cultural Sensitivity and Cultural Competence In Prevention and Intervention Programming Culturally competent care is care that respects diversity in the patient population, and cultural factors that affect health and health care, such as language, communication styles, attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs. The national CLAS Standards provide the blueprint to implement such appropriate services to improve health care in the United States. The standards cover many areas, such as leadership, workforce, governance; communication and language assistance; organizational engagement, continuous improvement, and accountability. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2014). There is a lack of conceptual clarity with cultural
The primary goal of public health nursing is promoting health and preventing disease within the community, so it’s essential that nurses understand how to gather and assess demographic information to diagnose the local needs of the population and to consider that information when developing a health improvement plan (Nies & McEwan, 2015). The assignment this week is to gather statistics from the local county, the state, and national databases and analyze the findings to identify actual or potential areas of concern in the community. It is sobering to compare the Franklin County data to state and national statistics. Almost all of the demographic information highlights that our community is less healthy when compared to the state and the
The health of an individual is affected by numerous factors that function on multiple heights and during the course of the life. Even though politicians and healthcare professionals have voiced their concern about the significance of access to and quality of healthcare services in the nation, we have to acknowledge that prevention is also crucial. The prevention of diseases and promotion of health require addressing a much comprehensive set of health policies that shape health-related behaviors (Why We Need Health-Informed Policies & Decision-Making, 2011). Health policies are indispensable vehicles in providing precision with matters and undertakings that are precarious to health and safety. According to the World Health Organization (2017),
For example, Public Health Science 1: Human Health and Disease course focuses on the improvement of avoiding preventable diseases by designing specific interventions to target certain chronic diseases that are impacting a specific population. The course relates to the Global Health Pathway theme by highlighting multiple public health issues from a socioeconomic viewpoint and environmental perspective by providing awareness to the general population and finding solutions to prevent public health issues. In addition, the Biology 179: Cancer Biology course concentrated on the molecular perspective behind cancer and the processes in acquiring the disease. The course emerges with the Global Health Pathway theme by learning preventable processes to combat cancer and providing awareness to individuals from a biological perspective to prevent one in developing the disease. Both courses introduce a phenomenon of providing awareness of a certain public health issue to the ... ... middle of paper ... ...out sanitation, infrastructure, and hygiene can greatly reduce global health disparities worldwide.
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health related states or events in well-defined populations. The goal of epidemiology is to understand the causes of disease variation and limit disease, injury and death in a community by intervening to prevent or limit outbreaks or epidemics of disease and injury. Epidemiology provides the most compelling evidence for measuring environmental risk to humans. Epidemiologists are public health professionals who investigate occurrence of disease-or other health related conditions or events in specific populations. Epidemiology allows public health workers to organize, analyze & interpret statistical facts about health problems.
Health disparity is one of the major concerns in the provision of quality care and access to healthcare which directly the life expectancy of the nation as about ethnicity and race. However, describing the health outcomes or status of an ethnic group in the population would help in a better evaluation of the disparities that occur within minority groups in our society. “Racial/ethnic disparities in health and quality of and access to health care are a well-documented and persistent problem. Across many indicators of health, access to care, and health care quality, racial/ethnic minorities fare worse than whites, and each population faces specific challenges”(James et al., 2017, p. 1). “Racial and ethnic disparities are the differences in the rate of incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific racial and ethnic population groups” (Kominski, 2014, p. 95).
(Dahlgon and Whitely 2001, Barton and Grant 2006.) These are the determinants that public health practice is based on. This wellbeing measure in public health practice is evaluated in a population by using a Health Needs Assessment (HNA), a systematic approach from which priorities are identified and resources allocated dependant on the needs identified (Cavanagh and Chadwick 2005). Included on the HNA are the evidence of research and epidemiology. What epidemiology does is to ask practical questions ... ... middle of paper ... ...moving from an emphasis on sickness to one of salutogenisis.
Introduction The safety of patients is a critical component in ensuring timely recovery. Thus, patient safety is the process by which medical practitioners seek to reduce or otherwise eliminate medical errors that adversely affect the safety of a patient (Corrigan, 2012). This involves healthcare practitioners emphasizing on the need to have proper reporting and analysis procedures when recording an event (Gogan, Baxter, Boss, & Chircu, 2013). The mechanisms used by America compares with those used in other developed countries such as Canada, Spain, United Kingdom and Australia. The paper discusses the safety of American healthcare system in comparison with United Kingdom.