Western Switzerland: The Status Of School Leadership In Switzerland

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The administration and organization of schools are led by school leaders, principals, or site principals. However, the status of the administration varies to a great extent in Switzerland. Some cantons have an established strategy for school leadership with principals, and have done so for 30 years, whereas other cantons have only recently begun to establish school leadership. In large schools, school leadership has been known for a longer time, whereas in small rural communities, decisions for schools have been taken over by the governing body, or not at all, or by staff. This difference is noticed culturally, when comparing the German-speaking region of Switzerland to the French-speaking region. Western Switzerland is characterized by…show more content…
In the canton Ticino, the Scuola dell’infanzia lasts three years. Nearly 100% of children attend pre-school for at least one year and about 86% attend for two years. Attendance of pre-school education is compulsory in 19 of the 26 cantons. In nearly all cantons, the municipalities are legally bound to offer at least one year of pre-school education. Each canton sets the pre-school enrollment age. Children who have reached the respective age by the specified cut-off date are enrolled in pre-school at the start of the school year in the fall term. In the majority of the cantons, the minimum pre-school enrolment age is between 4 years, 0 months, and 4 years, 9 months. The objective of pre-schools is to encourage the socio-affective, psycho-motoric and cognitive development of children and prepares them for entry into school. There is no specific assessment of performance in preschool. Each child is supported according to its developmental status and needs. The development of independence is greatly emphasized, as well as individual, social and intellectual skills. The pre-school curricula have the same basis and educational objectives as the primary school curricula. However, pre-school curricula emphasizes a holistic, interdisciplinary education, in accordance with the child 's developmental status. Literacy and numeracy are introduced in the primary school…show more content…
There are baccalaureate schools in all cantons. The structure and time spent in Baccalaureate education vary according to the canton. It takes at least 12 years of schooling at primary, lower-secondary and upper-secondary level to obtain a Baccalaureate. Enrollment in a Baccalaureate school usually occurs in grade 9, and lasts four years. In cantons, where the Baccalaureate program lasts three years (enrolment in grade 10), preparatory Baccalaureate education must take place in grade 9 within lower-secondary education. There are three types of admission into a Baccalaureate school: (1) Admission based on student 's average grades, (2) Admission based on student 's average grades and recommendation of the teacher at the preceding school. (3) Admission based on an entrance examination and/or student 's grades and/or recommendation from the preceding school. The entrance examinations are generally taken in written form. It should be noted that adults who wish to catch up on a Baccalaureate can attend an adult Baccalaureate school for three years. They must take the Swiss Baccalaureate examination to officially complete this level of education and be eligible to move on to the Tertiary (higher education)
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