His father also was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in physics. His Father’s ambitions in physics sparked Niels Bohr’s interest in physics. Niels Bohr received his master’s degree in physics in 1909 from the University of Copenhagen and then achieved his doctor’s degree in 1911. He became a professor at the University in 1916, and then founded the university’s Institute of Theoretical physics in 1921. His mother, Ellen, was the daughter of a prominent-Jewish banker.
Rutherford and Planicks theory needed help with their theory and description so Niels Bohr helped explained what happened inside of the atom and developed a picture of atomic structure. In result of his work, he earned a Nobel peace prize in 1922. During these years of studying under Rutherford and working, he also married the love of his life, Margaret Norland. They had six sons. Four survived to adult hood, and one, Aage, would soon be known as a physics scientist well as his father.
Since quantum theory had been proposed only a few years before, the university post provided him an excellent opportunity to devote his entire career to the exploration and development of its full significance. In addition, he trained a whole generation of U.S. physicists, who were greatly affected by his qualities of leadership and intellectual independence. The rise of Hitlerism in Germany stirred his first interest in politics.
He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils. He later got a scholarship to Cambridge University, where he became J.J Thomson’s first graduate student at the newly open Cavendish Laboratory. After that he began to experiment with radio waves and later on went to join Thomson’s investigation of conducting electricity through gases. However, after breakthroughs by Marie Curie and Henri Becquerel in the field of radioactivity he turned his attention to this branch. In 1898, Marie Curie (Polish physicist) and Pierre Curie (French physicist) were one of the first scientists to isolate radium and polonium from pitchblende (uraninite).
Kinzy Mathis 10 November, 2017 Physics I Ernest Rutherford “All science is either physics or stamp collecting” -Ernest Rutherford Ernest Rutherford, also known as the father of nuclear physics, led the world in the study of nuclear physics and radioactivity. He was a pioneer in the physics world and was a vital piece in discovering most of the information we know about physics today. Not only was he a world renowned physicist, he was also a prominent chemist who was famous for his theory of atomic structure. Coming from a large, poor family, he was forced to think outside the box from a young age when it came to earning money or finding activities to occupy his time. Considered the greatest experimentalist since Michael Faraday, Ernest
Einstein returned in 1896 to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, where he graduated, in 1900 as a secondary school teacher of mathematics and physics. After two years he obtained a post at the Swiss patent office in Bern. The patent-office work required Einstein's careful attention, but while employed (1902-09) there, he completed an astonishing range of publications in theoretical physics. For the most part these texts were written in his spare time and without the benefit of close contact with either the scientific literature or theoretician colleagues. Einstein submitted one of his scientific papers to the University of Zurich to obtain a Ph.D. degree in 1905.
Niels Hedrik David Bohr Niels Hendrik David Bohr was one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century. The Nobel prizewinning physicist was known for his development of the theory of atomic fission that led to the development of the atomic bomb. He was born on Oct. 7, 1885, in Copenhagen, Denmark. His father, Christian, was a professor at the University of Copenhagen and his brother, Harold, was a great mathematician. Bohr and his family grew up in an atmosphere that helped the development of his knowledge.
Werner Heisenberg One cannot fully appreciate the work of Werner Heisenberg unless one examines his contributions in the context of the time in which he lived. Werner Karl Heisenberg was born in Wuerzburg, Germany, on December 5, 1901, and grew up in academic surroundings, in a household devoted to the humanities. His father was a professor at the University of Munich and undoubtedly greatly influenced young Werner, who was a student at the Maximilian Gymnasium. Heisenberg had the opportunity to work with many of the top physicists in the world including Niels Bohr and Max Born. Like many of the top physicists of the time Heisenberg received his doctorate at an early age.
Thus, he was admitted to Harvard in 1922, intending to become a chemist. However, he switched to physics, a subject he had become interested in. He graduated in a short three years, and received his Ph.D. in an astonishingly rapid two years. In the early 1930's, Oppenheimer created the School of Theoretical Physics at Berkeley. This school was soon to become one of the most prestigious theoretical physics schools in the world.
He was not a Nazi, and like most scientists of his day he tried not to become involved in politics. He played a prominent role in German nuclear testing during the World War II era. At age twenty-five he received a full professorship and won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1932 at the age of thirty-two. He climbed quickly to the top of his field beginning at the University of Munich when his interest in theoretical physics was sparked Heisenberg was born the son of August Heisenberg in Würzburg, Germany on December 5, 1901. August Heisenberg was a professor of Greek at the University of Munich.