Weimar Government's Survival of the Crisis of 1918- 1923

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Weimar Government's Survival of the Crisis of 1918- 1923 When the Weimar Government came into power it faced many problems and threats from both the left and right. As they signed the treaty of Versailles, many Germans were hostile to the government because they couldn’t believe that Germany had lost the war. One reason why the Government survived was because of the actions of Stresemann. As a result of the Treaty, there were major economic problems, which the government had to fix. The Government had to pay reparations which were solved when Stresemann worked for the Young Plan which meant Germany could pay it back easily. Stresemann also overcame hyperinflation when he introduced a new currency called the Retenmark which made the German economy more stable. The Weimar survived these crises’s because Stresemann improved the economy which meant that there was less support for opposition as people were experiencing a “boom” and were conditions for them improved. Another reason why the loyalty of the army. It was the army’s duty to protect the state and did so when opposition attempted to rise. The army with help from the patriotic Freikorps suppressed the Spartacist Uprising and killed its’ leaders. Also the army came to the Governments’ saviour again during the Munich Putsch. The army suppressed the opposition from the right and prevented them from taking over the Munich government. The Weimar survived this because of the army support and suppressing of opposition. If the Weimar didn’t have their support then they would have been overthrown by either the left or right. Also if the government survived because of the problems the left and right had within themselves. The KPD who was a major left party wasn’t involved in the organising of the general strike that prevented the Kapp Putsch. As a result in Germany’s economy improving and KPD lack of taking control its membership dropped to 180, 000. The right also had problems. It had lots of small parties and were frequently split when trying to agree on things.

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