Nevertheless many philosophers today still agree with Marx’s basic claim, that capitalism is inherently exploitative, they simply define exploitation in broader and less contentious terms, instead of thinking about exploitation as involving the forced extraction of surplus value from labour, nowadays philosophers adjust Marx’s view on exploitation to be the process of taking unfair advantage of others vulnerability (S. Lukes 1987). When defined in this way many contemporary philosophers believe that capitalism is rife with exploitation, with economically powerful capitalist taking unfair advantage of workers vulnerability in order to maximise their profits. What should we make ... ... middle of paper ... ...orkers, instead, they believe, innovative or entrepreneurial capitalists earn profits by forgoing short-term gains, taking risks to achieve long term gains in the future (D. Prychitko 2008). In conclusion, the essence of Marx’s theories upon capitalism is still somewhat relevant in today’s society, and there is no doubt that capitalist do try and exploit their workers, but that has become so common in today’s society it is not necessarily described as exploitation but working hard. There is a very fine line between exploitation and working hard, only the person who is feeling exploited will be the judge of that.
Weber describes the routinization of capitalism by stating, “The Puritan wanted to work in a calling; we are forced to do so” (1905: 123). When an economic system becomes routinized, the worker has difficulty seeing an alternative to his present situation. As a result, routinization impedes class consciousness and the desire for revolution because it causes capitalism and the inequality it entails to appear normative. Similar to Weber, Simmel also explores social forces that Marx’s economically centered theories fail to consider. Marx focuses solely on macro-level structures and disregards the role that individual agency might play in social and economic life.
I believe capitalism forces business men to make profitable amoral decisions may not benefit our society at all. However, maybe Smith is also correct on capitalism is the best way to serve the society before other solutions appear. And with many evidences from different countries, I have to agree with Griffin and Smith that capitalism is efficient. However, I would only describe capitalism as an insensitive, bloody, efficiently machine that does not have feel and moral. The core of capitalism is still profit driven, materialistic, and money.
Two Marxist Objections to Exploitation ABSTRACT: I argue that we can find in Marx two objections to exploitation: (i) an entitlement objection according to which it is wrongful because of the unjust distribution of benefits and burdens it generates; and (ii) an expressivist objection according to which it is objectionable because of the kind of social relation it is. The expressivist objection is predicated on a communitarian strand in Marx's thought, whereas the entitlement objection is grounded in a more liberal account of the wrongfulness of capitalist exploitation. I conclude by connecting my analysis to the current debate between proponents and critics of market socialism. While market socialism could be a vehicle for realizing the values associated with the entitlement objection, this is not true for the expressivist objection. Furthermore, because the entitlement objection does not depend on a thick conception of the human good, it is in accord with the liberal ideal of political neutrality whereas the expressivist objection is not.
Marxist Locke Karl Marx and John Locke both place a great deal of importance in both labour and property in discussing their political philosophies. At first glance, the two thinkers seem to possess completely different ideas on property, its importance, and the form of society which should grow from it. The disparity in their beliefs is evident, but they share a similar approach to labour and acceptable conditions while constructing philosophies which inherently attack each other. Locke’s suggestion that capitalism is a natural political progression can only be accomplished when the worker himself becomes a commodity to be traded, a transformation which Marx identifies as a major problem with capitalism. In looking at capitalism through a Marxist lens, we can see that Locke may find substantial problems with it.
"1 Marx sees the Pope as an enemy therefore religion must be an enemy of Marx’s. In the Manifesto, Marx even sarcastically comments on the Catholic religion by calling the lives of the Saints silly.2 This reflects some of Marx’s views on religion that he displayed in the Manifesto. He has two main reasons ... ... middle of paper ... ...o to explain his ideas of religion and society. Notes 1. Marx, Karl, The Communist Manifesto.
Ben Fowkes. New York: Penguin Books Marx, Karl. The Communist Manifesto. Harmondsworth Eng: Penguin Books, 1982. McLellan, David.
Marxist Economics This is a school of thought in the field of economics that has developed from Karl Marx’s writings (1818-1883). It is very dissimilar to conventional economics, presenting a vital analysis of capitalism while identifying the essentially exploitative and conflictual nature. This does not mean that the body of work is homogenous. There is significant debate and diversity on the interpretation of Marx’s work and the legitimacy of the varied ways it has been developed. Some of the contributions of Marxist thought include the social and intellectual turmoil since the death of Marx, the difficulty of getting connection between practice and Marx’s theory, the varying economic and political conditions and the demise and development
However, Marx disagreed and believed that economy was the motive that pushes historical materialism. He believed that the key to production was in property. He viewed the Labor of Theory of Value and believed that workers, who were the Proletarians, deserved more then what they received. Marx saw how the proletariats were not treated with the same amount of respect that the upper class received. Marx believed that the upper class, or the bourgeoisie, was a plague that was spreading across the global fronti... ... middle of paper ... ...ast, it has left a mark in history that cannot be erased.
Marx’s analysis is the schism between the social classes -- the proletariat versus the bourgeoisie. In the end, the working class will triumph, which is the incarnation of universal socialism. Marx is passionate, idealistic and strongly anti-capitalist. Like Marx, Weber had a variety of interests, including politics, history, religion, law, administration, politics, sociology and economics. His analysis of capitalism is not as systematic or intricate as Marx, but his scope is more esoteric.