The Internet connects so many people with so many products and, as in all industry, not all these people and products are fair and honest. The same is true in the world of the online music industry. Some artists champion the public's right to hear and record their music in an "industry-free" atmosphere. Others fear that their art is being exploited and their rights denied. In October 1999 the IFPI announced its efforts "aimed at ridding the Internet of large amounts of pirate content and paving the way for artists and record companies to deliver music electronically and legally across the world" (IFPI, 1999).
The United States of America is a free country, then why shouldn’t the internet be free? Why should we have restrictions placed on what we can and cannot do on the internet? Every day, millions of users share files on the internet through numerous online sources. Whether they download music, movies, or software, online file-sharing can give people access to a plentiful amount of information. These files are often free and easily accessible by anyone.
MPEG-1 has been around since 1992, but during the last few years (1998/99) it has started to get widespread attention from regular media and ordinary users. (What is MP3) In simple terms, this means that, using this kind of compression, digital music files can be shrunk so that they can be transferred faster over the Internet. "Without audio coding, downloading uncompressed high-quality audio files from a remote Internet server would result in unfavorably long transmission times" (FAQ). The MP3 standard impacted the music industry almost overnight. People began "ripping" their music (extracting songs from a CD) and converting them into MP3's, then sharing their collection with other users like themselves all over the world, using the internet.
Approach, structure, and what is not covered; is the focus of the paper and book. What is the approach you should take when someone has the same or similar domain name as you? What should you do about theft, defamation, and cybersquatting? To deal with these things you need to know about the tools and laws. There are meaning thing you see on the internet such as cyberbullying, theft of personal information, and denial-of-service attacks.
Internet File Sharing and the Music Industry Imagine millions of songs accessible in one place. Today songs are just a few clicks away since the introduction of the internet and file sharing. File sharing is simply taking a file and allowing other internet users to download and use the file permanently. The accessibility and use of file sharing programs has devastated the music industry financially. The fact that almost every song recorded today is accessible through a free program encourages most consumers to download rather than buy.
Along with the development of a file format (MP3) to store digital audio recordings, came one of the new millennium’s most continuous debates – peer-to-peer piracy – file sharing. Internet companies such as Napster and Grokster became involved in notable legal cases in regards to copyright laws in cyberspace. These two cases are similar in nature, yet decidedly different. In order to understand the differences and similarities, one should have an understanding of each case as well as the court’s ruling. According to the text A Gift of Fire, Napster “opened on the Web in 1999 as a service that allowed its users to copy songs in MP3 files from the hard disks of other users” (Baase, 2013, p. 192, Section 4.1.6 Sharing Music: The Napster Case).
Napster and other peer-to-peer networks are legal and are protected under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. A peer-to-peer file sharing service has two main functions, one of which is that it provides Internet chat rooms and instant message services. It also allows users to scan the hard drives of other users to search for an MP3. Once the desired MP3 is located the user searching for the file is able to download the file directly to their personal Grohs 2 computer’s hard drive. When the user obtains the file, it then becomes searchable and downloadable by other users.
It cost 71,060 U.S. jobs including retail, $2.7 billion in workers income, and $422 million in tax revenue annually (Siwek). There are various reasons why illegal music downloading takes place. Music lovers can save hundreds even thousands of dollars on music, they can obtain international music that isn't offered here in the U.S., and download music before the songs release date. Illegal music downloading is taking place today through file sharing websites. These websites allow users to share audio, video, image, document and program files peer-to-peer with users that are logged on the website for free.
Forms of piracy never thought of before are appearing every single day. With the Internet, it is now also easier to copy and share copyrighted materials. One of the inherent problems with attempting to regulate this piracy is the gap in laws between countries. How do you punish who pirates music in a country that does not recognize the copyright laws of the music piece’s origin. Also, what makes a certain piece of software legal in one country but illegal in another?
This controversial service has brought the lawsuit to Napster. Napster allows its subscribers to download the music files without charge. It is not however, from Napster that the subscribers get these files. It is from each other. The users share their hard drives so that other users can download any of their music files that they want.