preview

Weapons Trafficking in Somalia

Best Essays
Weapons’ trafficking in Somalia is a complex issue with global implications. Extremist organizations, such as Al-Shabaab, appear to be the primary beneficiary to the unrestricted flow of weapons and use them to achieve their objectives. Furthermore, the availability of weapons, particularly that of small arms, compromises regional stability and undermines United States strategy. The purpose of this paper is to address the significance of the arms trafficking network in Somalia by examining the culture in which it thrives, the motivation of Al-Shabaab to obtain them, the sources of illegal arms, and the United States point of view.
II. The Culture
Based on indicators and risk analysis, Somalia is listed number one on the failed states index since 2008 (FFP, 2013). There are several factors that contribute to Somalia’s instability. First of these factors is the government. Since 1991, Somalia has lacked an effective central government and there is no known national system for law or conflict resolution. The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) is the seventeenth attempt to establish a formal state in Somalia since the fall of the Siad Barre regime in 1991 (TCC, 2011). The second factor is unique geography that creates gaps in border security. Somalia is 246,200 square miles and borders three countries, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya. Somalia also has a large coastline that spans approximately 1,900 miles (TCC, 2011). The third factor is food and water security. Somalia has been a humanitarian crisis for several decades. Famine in Somalia is on a national scale and droughts strain the country’s water reserve. Estimates in 2010 indicate that all of the country was at least of moderate food concern, and over half was of...

... middle of paper ...

... Security Council) (2008). Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and1811 (2008) concerning Somalia and Eritrea. S/2008/769 of 10 December 2008.
UNSC (United Nations Security Council) (2011). Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia pursuant to resolutions 751 (1992) and1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea. S/2011/433 of 18 July 2011.
UNSC (United Nations Security Council) (2013). Report of the Monitoring Group on Somalia Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 751 (1992) and 1907 (2009) concerning Somalia and Eritrea. S/2013/413 of 12 July 2013.
United States Department of State (USDoS, 2014) The U.S. department of state continues to warn U.S. citizens to avoid all travel to somalia. (2014, Feb 7). Retrieved March 29, 2014, from http://travel.state.gov/content/passports/english/alertswarnings/somalia-travel-warning.html
Get Access