Armor was the main use of protection in the middle ages. One of the most important parts about combat if you didn't have armor then you was vulnerable in combat. Armor has evolved throughout the middle ages from an animal pelt to iron, steel and bronze. “Through the centuries, such materials as animal skins, bronze, and steel have been used to make armor. Until the invention of firearms, increasingly effective armor was designed to match advances in weapons”.
For example, records of the sword can be found up to 3,000 years back (Hilliam 15). Swords underwent many changes, mostly in designs, but the big change is the material used to make the swords. Ancient swords were made of bronze, and bronze is soft, but later when iron was used, the swords became the opposite. They were harder and easy to break which meant that soldiers’ swords would break during combat (Hilliam 15). However, swords were the most commonly used weapon and therefore efforts to improve it were progressing.
Tactics that had been used for centuries required revision due to new technologies. The same terrible fact of war, however, remained. When most people think of “medieval”, they probably imagine castles and knights; and with good reason. The knights or men-at-arms were a driving force of medieval armies. They were the professional soldiers that lead, conducted, or ceded battles.
Wars have extended over the course of human civilization. From the earliest prehistoric wars to the current wars in the Middle East, improvements in technology vastly impacted the evolution of war. The industrial revolution inspired new forms of technology and enabled the mass development of arms. Additionally, new methods of communication and medicine influenced a transformation to modern warfare. This, in turn, ultimately transformed the strategy of war.
The Battle of Hastings was the most influential battle of English history because of the changes it created in Medieval England and Europe. The usage of archery, changes in social structure, and alteration in language caused by the battle made it so meaningful. The weaponry used in the Battle of Hastings reshaped Medieval warfare. William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy, brought with him on his campaign to conquer England several archers. While some past civilizations looked down upon using long range weapons, William understood their importance.
Another evolution that shows closer range weaponry evolving into further range weaponry is the harquebus to the musket to the rifle. This evolution was embraced by the U.S. in the American Revolution and more abundantly in the Civil War. Early America was filled with wars and battles where weaponry was very important such as the American Revolution and the Civil War. The American soldiers that fought in the Revolutionary War showed us that you can win a war solely on passion and heart but the soldiers in other American wars... ... middle of paper ... ...ca. 1943.
One of the wars that had a major effect is the Hundred Year War. During the war there were many helpful advances. For example gunpowder, artillery, and longbow, were a big achievements of the war. Longbows were an, English invention so that soldier would have a wider distance range.. Longbows were better than the crossbow because the longbow can shoot up to 270 yards men could shoot up to more than 10 bows per minute. At 14 training would begin, however English soldier did not go to war until the age of 21.
Rifles were invented before the Civil War and were greatly used in the War of 1812. However, more types were built and a larger amount was used during the Civil War. Rifles added a spin to bullets for a greater accuracy at longer ranges. Using this weapon, soldiers could fire 400 yards away, as opposed to the average 80 yards (Robertson 50). Rifles were the fastest and hardest weapon of the time.
These firearms needed to be reloaded after every time they were fired. In many instances these guns were sold in pairs. This was due to the fact that if you had two guns and two holsters, how many single shot handguns were carried, you would have two shots before having to reload both guns (Kyle 767). These guns however had reliability issues due to gunpowder being susceptible to moisture. Guns such as the flintlock style pistol or the cap-lock style pistol are what were primarily used before the introduction of the cartridge style pistol.
Pole arms and spears became the most common and widely used type of weapon in mostly every empires infantry. Eventually, empires, like the Romans, began to steer away from the use of spears and drive right into the use of iron swords, which was now their primary weapon (Roman Weapons, 2011). Along with the sword, a weapon called the javelin equipped with not a round sh... ... middle of paper ... ...y of gunpowder, the production on firearms exploded, and still continues to burn till this day. In the next few decades, more firearms will be produced with even more sophisticated precision, accuracy, and reliability. These weapons will be used as we continue to make warfare history all throughout the world.