Water for Africa: Managing the Vital Liquid for Life and Preservation

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Water for Africa
Water is the most important element on the planet. Not only is it important for the earth, in general, but it is key to our survival. Leonardo Da Vinci has said, "Water is the driving force of all nature" (Roberts). It is the building block of life. The average person can survive about a week without water (Ogunjimi). Lack of water is increasing worldwide, but Africa is currently affected the most. It is the second driest out of the 7 continents, following Australia ( ). Africa's water crisis is not solely based on the scarcity, but also the contamination of water and what actions can be taken towards the dilemma.
As the climate steadily becomes more dry and warm, there is less water for the ever-increasing world population. Droughts have lasted years in Africa. Areas hit the hardest by drought are the rural areas and urban slums. Millions lack access to this necessity. By millions, "300 of the 800 million people in sub-Saharan Africa live in a water scarce environment" (UN). Throughout the years rainfall that usually comes is coming less frequent. Without this steady supply, water is getting harder to come by. A local chief, in Ethiopia, recalls having it rain only twice in one year (Waititu).
In addition, wells are drying up. In some areas wells are the only source of water. Pastoralists across the continent are losing cattle, with nothing to provide for them, due to the arid conditions. Along with the wells, natural springs are disappearing. Sand erosion is also causing wells to vanish. "In one village in just a few years, nine wells have been covered by sand erosion, and the village has no means of reclaiming them" (Waititu). Little has been done for the pastoral, or grazing livestock over the years....

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...tary for the environment (Kulish). The water in found can be used for drinking water and irrigation for crops. But despite the discovery of this hidden water, Africans still face the effects from the change in climate. And most won’t get the life giving water in the near future.
So what can we do about this global crisis? Many organizations are involved in bringing clean water to those in need. Coca-Cola has worked to improve the efficiency and the conservation of freshwater basins. The Water Project, a non-profit organization, is building wells to those in need. Other groups install water pumps in wells. These pumps make it so the people don’t have to draw the water by hand. To get involved directly, many from the public start fundraisers, sponsor, and volunteer in these groups. Many African people have been affected by these organizations and those who volunteer.
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