As the climate steadily becomes more dry and warm, there is less water for the ever-increasing world population. Droughts have lasted years in Africa. Areas hit the hardest by drought are the rural areas and urban slums. Millions lack access to this necessity. By millions, "…more than 300 of the 800 million people in sub-Saharan Africa live in a water scarce environment…" (UN).
The country has an annual rainfall, which is below the worlds average 500 mm as opposed to the world average of 860" (Friedrich). This is almost half of what the worlds average is making Africa one of the most driest continent there is. Because children do not have accesses they are constantly missing school. About 443 million days are missed because of illnesses. In Africa one out of every five deaths in caused by a water related disease.
One of the reason East Timor is suffering from famine is due to its inefficient crop production. It suffers from annual “hungry seasons”, where there is not enough food harvested to feed the local population (Rouwenhorst and Campbell). East Timor “is a country that should easily be able to feed itself, and even export food crops to the rest of the world” (Rouwenhorst and Campbell), but due to the poor irrigation system, it cannot even feed itself. East Timor receives around three meters of rain every year (Rouwenhorst and Campbell). It falls mostly in short, heavy downpours and washes soil away.
Shane Galvin SBE 195a Sustainability Paper Water Sustainability One of the biggest challenges facing the world is availability of fresh water. Only about one third of a percent is of the fresh water available on earth is found in surface and ground water for human consumption. Globally these sources of fresh water have been dwindling away and becoming scarcer every year as water demand grows. This problem is true throughout the world and is especially prevalent in the arid regions of the world such as the Southwest United States. Since I am a student here at the University of Arizona and a resident of the state now, these growing water issues not only affect me but all of the residents of Tucson, Arizona.
These areas include Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. People occupations, social structure, and individual daily life before the drought : Living standards before the drought were poor. Since 1984 at least sixty major food crisis occurred in E... ... middle of paper ... ...years ago and this statistic shows more people are living past the age of two, but are still in terrible conditions (Pflanz, 2011). Somali Dadaab has the worlds largest refugee camp in the world, and many are trying to move out of the location because there is no room for them (Stewart, 2011). Drought left hardship for all three regions and the impact is large-scale.
Lessons can be taught to help prevent future disasters and save lives: respond during the early symptoms (Canada para 1). Ever since late 2010, the horn of Eastern Africa has had to deal with a major food crisis (Loewenberg 17). The food crisis began with a drought which lead to very little food and water sources (Martin 23). Somalia people fled to Kenya and Djibouti; for that reason, the refugee camps became crowded, unsanitary, and lead to many deaths (Martin 23). Thousands of unnecessary deaths occurred and millions of wasted dollars were spent because the world failed to take action on the early warnings of the aforementioned food crisis (Canada para 1).
This is a completely different story in developing countries where the people there have to walk miles on end to get a pale of water. The people in these unfortunate countries use very little water every day because to them water is sacred. The truth is not having enough clean freshwater is one of those issues that has now become a real problem not just in developing countries but super powers, such as the United States of America. Description/ History: Water scarcity is both a natural and a human-made phenomenon. There is enough freshwater on the planet for seven billion people but it is distributed unevenly and too much of it is wasted, polluted and unsustainably managed.
If these basic needs can be attained many lives will be saved. Background Information To begin with, millions of people do not have enough food to eat. Thousands of people every year die from malnutrition. Food has a huge impact on everyday life. In Africa, people survive on using less than one dollar and twenty five cents per day.
First, the unemployment rate, at 19% is extremely high compared to Australia, which has a 7% unemployment rate. This disparity is due to the large number of workers being sick, dying, and other AIDS related effects in Botswana. This means that the families are not making as much money, which can cause lack of health care. In the next decade, the per capita income is expected to decrease 13% in Botswana because of AIDS. Australia has fewer problems with AIDS because of the amount of money spent on health care.
Poverty is even worse among the rural populations, with 69% of people living on less than $1 a day, and with 86% living on less than $2 a day. The Millennial Development Goal was established to eliminate extreme poverty (less than $1 a day) and hunger by 2015. In order for this to happen, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Haiti would have to go up by 3.5% per year. This was not necessarily that achievable of a goal before the earthquake struck, but even more so after does it seem more out of reach, especially considering the fact that the per capita GDP has decreased by 30% over the last 30 years. Before the earthquake, there was some economic development occurring, with the economic growth being at 3.2% in 2004.