Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions

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Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world. It will also identify causes and effects of this environmental problem on society and other spheres of life. Moreover, in this essay I am going to propose and select possible solutions for tackling problems caused by water shortage in specific world region as the North and the North-West China. To begin with, water shortage has become a global problem in recent years. According to Molden (2010), “one-third of the world’s population has to contend with water scarcity, and there are ominous signs that this proportion could quickly increase”. This means that the current rate of development has both positive and negative effect on society and, of course, the environment. However, the problem of water shortage is rather different in both developed and developing countries. While it reduces the economic growth and damages the life quality in developed countries, already low rate of development and faint state of life are under the greatest threat in poor countries. As a result, the problem of water shortage can cause catastrophic consequences for future generations of those countries. This problem also includes difficulties with organized water regulatio... ... middle of paper ... ...na’s Water Shortage Could Shake Water Food Security. World Watch 11(4) :10-21.http://www.ualberta.ca/~mdzahidu/brhamaputra_diversion/lester_brian.pdf (accessed November 18, 2010). McHarg, A. et al. eds. 2010. Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources. Oxford Scholarship Online. http://www.oxfordscholarship.com (accessed November 21, 2010). Molden, D. 2010. Solutions for the world’s water woes. BBC News website (accessed September 14, 2010). Wang, J. 1989. Water Pollution and Water Shortage Problems in China. Journal of Applied Ecology 26 : 851-857 http://www.jstor.org/pss/2403696 (accessed November 20, 2010). Xie, J. 2008. Addressing China’s Water Scarcity: A Synthesis of Recommendations for Selected Water Resource Management Issues. Herndon: World Bank Publications. http://site.ebrary.com/lib/astana/Doc?id=10273763&ppg=48 (accessed October 25, 2010).

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