Water Benefits Health.com stated, “Forty percent of America’s rivers are too polluted for fishing, swimming or aquatic life. Much of today’s water is dealing with water pollution. According to lenntech.com “Water pollution is any chemical, physical or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks or uses or lives (in) it” (“What is Water Pollution” 1). Water pollution is not only dangerous to humans but also very dangerous to our ecosystems. Fish, plants, water and other organisms are living in our ecosystems.
The destruction of the area and the increase in pollution has increased since the 1960’s. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) Dumping and contact with toxic chemicals have made much of the Great Lakes dangerous. One of the major sources of toxins and pollutants that are polluting the lakes is large farms. The artificial fertilizers and pesticides that are used run off into the water and then into the lakes. Sewage water from cities drains into the lakes when overflowing occurs, contributing to the pollution.
“Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in these bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and populations, but also to the natural biological communities.” (Conserve-Energy-Future) Rivers, streams, canals, lakes, and oceans are receptacles for every imaginable kind of pollution. Even though water has the capacity to break down or dissolve many materials, especially organic compounds, pollution in our bodies of water are becoming a large problem. Pollutants such as metals, plastics, and some chlorinated hydrocarbons remain in the water and can make it poisonous for most forms of life. Even biodegradable pollutants can damage a water supply for long periods and the life forms within the water start to suffer damage due to pollution.
National Geographic. Retrieved January 13, 2014, from Pearson, M. (2013, January 17). New water lows for Great Lakes could drain local economies. CNN. Retrieved January 13, 2014, from http:// www.cnn.com/ 2013/01/13/ us/great-lakes-low-water/ Rodman, K. (2013, July 3).
In particularly, the environmental group claims that, “coal ash pollution threatens to destroy the fishery of Sutton Lake and is moving to the groundwater wells that supply the drinking water for the nearby by community.” Problems like these are just one of the many causes of water pollution. Coal, storm water, and pigs are some of the biggest threats to the Cape Fear River, the ocean, and other bodies of water that surround Wilmington. In this paper, we will focus on causes and effects of water pollution then look at some possible solutions for the problems, particularly here in Wilmington. Storm water runoff is the biggest polluter of streams, creeks, rivers and ocean water systems. “Nationwide, storm water is a leading source of water pollution.
Bad harvest and famine are one of them (Brown 2008, 16). Also lack of water for elementary daily needs will lead to insanitariness. This will increase risk of spreading such diseases as typhoid, cholera and dysentery (10 facts about water scarcity 2009). Also disastrous water shortage in the Middle East may change existent struggle into regional conflict. It is evident that this problem needs to be immediately solved.
Ward Jr., Ken. "W.Va. Coal Symposium: Bad timing for Alpha « Coal Tattoo." Gazette blogs. 10 Feb. 2012 . 19.
When water that is contaminated by chemicals is consumed by humans it can lead to sickness, paralysis or even death depending on the kind of chemical polluting the water and the concentration of the pollutant in the water. The Flint Crisis is an example of the damaging effect of chemical runoff, as the Flint communities ' water was contaminated by the lead pipes that carried the water resulting people in the affected communities ending up with lead poisoning. The environment and the animals are also impacted by chemical and radioactive runoff, increasing the death of organisms and decreasing biodiversity(3). Oil runoff water pollution is yet another example of water pollution. The effects oil runoff has on the environment are especially debilitating.
This disrupts the balance of the ecosystem of the water causing the quality of the water to dissipate making it not safe to drink or use for other proposes. Another way harnessing energy is disrupting the balance of our water resources is mining fossil fuels. When we mine, for coal body’s of water can get access to the mines which results in the contamination of the water with heavy metal this is shown on the webs site www.ucsusa.org stating “Surface mining can also directly impact the health and safety of surrounding communities. Mudslides, landslides, and flashfloods may become more common. And depending on the