Water Pollution

596 Words3 Pages
Many people take for granted the access to having clean water on a daily basis and are not aware of the true effect on those who do not have the same access. Clean water is becoming a necessity to survive more than ever before. If we all imagined waking up one day and not being able to get clean water, there would be more of an understanding in the need for solutions to creating clean water access for all.

“With 87% of the world’s population or approximately 5.9 billion people using safe drinking-water sources, the world is on track to meet or even exceed the drinking-water target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)” (World Health Organization, 2010, p.1). This seems to be a great number yet the world has to continue to strive for better.

Health Dangers

The health dangers that the lack of clean water creates ranges in levels with the most severe being death. “More than 3.5 million people die each year from water-related disease; 84 percent are children. Nearly all deaths, 98 percent, occur in the developing world” (Water, 2011, p.1). There are many waterborne diseases that contribute to poor health conditions. For example, “Diarrhoeal disease alone amounts to an estimated 4.1 % of the total DALY global burden of disease and is responsible for the deaths of 1.8 million people every year (WHO, 2004)”(WHO 2011, p.1). Cholera is also a waterborne disease that is affecting more people every day. Cholera infects the intestines, which if untreated can also lead to death (Water Related Cholera p.1).

Another major waterborne disease is Malaria. Malaria, the world's most important parasitic infectious disease, is transmitted by mosquitoes which breed in fresh or occasionally brackish water which causes over one million de...

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...Drinking Water in the Developing World - Environmental Science & Technology (ACS Publications). ACS Publications. Retrieved February 14, 2011, from http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es702746n

Water-Related Diseases Cholera. (n.d.). World Health Organization. Retrieved February 14, 2011, from www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/cholera/en/

Water-Related Diseases Malaria. (n.d.). World Health Organization. Retrieved February 14, 2011, from www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/malaria/en/

Water.org » One Billion Affected. (n.d.). Water.org. Retrieved February 15, 2011, from http://water.org/learn-about-the-water-crisis/billion/

World Health Organization.(March,2010). Access to safe drinking water improving; sanitation

needs greater efforts. Retrieved February 14, 2011, from

http://who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2010/water_20100315/en/

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