Mass hysteria of the Japanese caused the urge for government issue of executive order 9066 to satisfy the anti-Japanese groups and to rid of all the fear. The order was based on a false claim. The day of, Japanese Americans were given 48 hours to leave their homes a...
In the middle of WW II, many Americans were worrying about their next meal or about the house payments; however, this wasn’t the case for Japanese Americans. Instead, they were worrying about if they were going to eat and if they were going to have a house due to internment camps. These camps were designed to protect and nurture the Japanese from the American people who were persecuting them. However, these camps did little good beyond that. Many Japanese Americans faced starvation, horrible living quality, and a large distance away from what they knew as home. These Japanese immigrants were always treated with discrimination in America; however, after Pearl Harbor they were forced to leave their homes, live in internment camps, and face prejudice for the years following.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government started to become very suspicious of different races living in the country especially the Japanese. To make sure nothing happened again these internment camps were set up and they were basically “America’s concentration camps”. The Japanese Americans faced a lot of hardships at these camps. Japanese Internment Camps were extremely unfair to the majority of the Japanese Americans who have not engaged in sabotage or spying for Japan during the war. Nevertheless, it was a necessary effort to limit the activities of those who would have tried to harm the U.S. and the war effort.
Since its establishment in 1775, the term “freedom” has been the rallying cry of the people of the United States; however, “freedom” was not by definition equal to all persons of the United States. We have made much progress in the area of freedom but one could argue that the term “freedom” was only for the white male/female population of the United States. We made our first step with Abraham Lincoln and the abolition of slavery, then with the Progressive Era and women’s rights, however, anyone who was not of American or “white” decent, have been persecuted in one way or another. In 1942 President Roosevelt, under the negative influence of a fear of the general population and much of his adversaries signed the executive order, which ordered the relocation of about 120,000 Japanese-American citizens to internment camps in order to “protect” our country from its “enemies.”
The first aspect to the imprisonment of the Japanese-Americans was their life before coming to the camps. Japanese life was very similar to how the Americans live. They went to school, and played with friends. The life for the Japanese has never been easy. In the year of 1913, California passed a law known as the Alien Land Law which banned “aliens could not receive citizenship” from owning a property but it allowed 3 year leases. These “aliens” were a reference to the Japanese and all Asian immigrants. In 1920, the extended the law and made it so they couldn’t even lease land. 5 years later this law passed in 12 more states. In 1922, the court case Ozawa vs. U.S. had the Supreme Court reestablish that Asian immigrants were not allowed naturalization. 3 years later congress passed an act that stated “aliens were not going to be granted citizenship unless they had served in the U.S. armed forces between April 6,1917- November 1918, been honored, and were permanent residents of the U.S. In October through November of 1941, the state departmen...
Japanese Americans had lost their freedom after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor because the American government was suspicious of the Japanese currently living in America. In the story “Japanese Internment” the author states “They feared they were spies, and made the Japanese hand over all of the electronics they owned, their rights to own guns, and they had to live under a curfew with travel limitations”(1). They lived by those rules until February 20th 1942, when President Roosevelt established a civilian agency to relocate the Japanese Americans into concentration camps. There were 10 camps to hold over 110,000 Japanese Americans, they would take them from their homes and forced them into the camps.
“Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan” (Japanese American Internment During World War II 1). As soon as America heard these words from the president it sent war hysteria into the heart of the people, especially on the west coast. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 which permitted the military to circumvent the constitutional safeguards of American citizens in the name of national defense (Children of the Camps 1). The orders led to the relocation of 112,000 Japanese Americans along the west coast of the United States (Friends of Minidoka - Twin Falls' Early Nikkei Community 1).
Over one hundred thousand United States citizens were imprisoned and relocated during World War II because they were of Japanese ancestry. Because of the attack on Pearl Harbor and the resulting declaration of war against Japan, many Americans worried that Americans of Japanese descent would act as spies, allowing another attack or, even worse, an invasion to occur on American soil. This fear and paranoia drove President Franklin D. Roosevelt into signing the Executive Order 9066 and Congress into issuing statues that allowed the relocation, exclusion, and limiting of rights for Japanese Americans throughout the duration of WWII. Questions over the legality of these acts would be brought up and decided upon in a series of court cases two of which were: Hirabayashi v. United States 1943 and Korematsu v. United States 1944. By looking at these court opinions we can learn the reasoning for certain rulings and how these rulings could show the fear and paranoia that ran rampant in American during the 1940s.
The grounds for the case began on February nineteenth in 1942. President Roosevelt gave the power to ban or remove American citizens that were of Japanese descent from areas of the country that were determined to be crucial to national security. (Lesson 5: The Supreme Court) Executive Order 9066 was established to prevent espionage and maintain domestic security and targeted all individuals of Japanese ancestry –alien and non-alien. Fred Korematsu was an American citizen residing in San Leandro California at the time. Executive Order 9066 stated that all individuals of Japanese ancestry must either depart from the area, report to a specified assembly area and/or be relocated to a detention center. (Korematsu v. United States , n.d.) He defied Executive Order 9066 and chose to remain in his home instead of being forcibly reloc...
On December 7 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After the attack there government took all Japanese owned boats, radios, and cameras. After the public pressured the government, and they took action and the government moved all Japanese from a 100 mile wide security strip along the B.C. coast. Later the government gave a further statement that declared that all people of Japanese origin were considered aliens until the end of World War II.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japanese Americans were regarded as a threat to the U.S. President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, also know as the Exclusion Order. This Order stated that any descendents or immigrants from enemy nations who might be a threat to U.S. security will report to assembly centers for Internment. There were no trials or hearings. They were forced to evacuate and many lost their homes and their businesses. Fred Korematsu refused to go. He was a U.S. citizen. Fred Korematsu was grabbed by police, handcuffed, and taken to jail. His crime -- defying President Franklin Roosevelt's order that American citizens of Japanese descent report to internment camps
Imagine seeing your father arrested when he didn’t commit a crime, being called a traitor when you fought in war or living a normal American life and suddenly be forced to live in an ill-treated, crowded internment camp where guns are constantly watching you. These unjust actions happened to Japanese Americans from around 1942-1945 during World War 2, no matter how old or young they were. When President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, which announced for all people of Japanese ancestry to be removed from the Pacific coast, the rights and responsibilities of the Japanese Americans changed drastically.
On December 7,1941 Japan raided the airbases across the islands of Pearl Harbour. The “sneak attack” targeted the United States Navy. It left 2400 army personnel dead and over a thousand Americans wounded. U.S. Navy termed it as “one of the great defining moments in history”1 President Roosevelt called it as “A Day of Infamy”. 2 As this attack shook the nation and the Japanese Americans became the immediate ‘focal point’. At that moment approximately 112,000 Persons of Japanese descent resided in coastal areas of Oregon, Washington and also in California and Arizona.3
The treatment of Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor was unjust and created by prejudice. When President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, and when it was decided that Japanese people were a threat, the basic human rights of Japanese Americans were taken away. In the future, every human being must never face imprisonment for their race, religion, or heritage. The basic rights of all Americans must be protected in the future to prevent internment camps from becoming a reality
On December 7th of 1941 Pearl Harbor, a navy base in Hawaii was bombed by the Japanese military. This event incited a great amount of fear amongst American citizens. So much so, that in “1942 President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 ordering all Japanese-Americans to evacuate the West Coast. This resulted