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War of 1812

explanatory Essay
905 words
905 words
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John Marshall was Chief Justice in many early cases that would help get the Supreme Court up to the level of power and equal amount of say as the other branches. His ruling in the first few important cases helped bring the Courts uses of Judicial Review up to balance the powers. John Q. Adams, son of John Adams and he was the leader behind the signing of the treaty of Ghent. Daniel Webster was the great spokesperson of the North as well as a warhawk. He was also very devoted to the Union. Henry Clay was known as the great compromiser and helped to put together and organize the Missouri Compromise, he was kind of the middle man who suggested compromises between the north and the south. He is also known for his American System, which improved banking systems, tariffs, roads, and canals. John C. Calhoun was the spokesman of the south and was also a warhawk. He was responsible for the writing of the "South Carolina Exposition". The McCulluh vs. Maryland was a case when Maryland wanted to be able to tax the Bank of the United States of America. Because of this privilege that they wanted they would have the power to tax this Bank out of existence. Marshall did not see this as necessary therefore did not grant Maryland power to do so. Gibbons vs. Ogden was a case when New York granted a monopoly to a private company owner of a ferry company between the two States of New York and New Jersey. The monopoly was not valid in the state of New Jersey therefore it gave the court Judicial Review over interstate commerce and was turned down. Fletcher vs. Peck was a case when the Georgia legislature was influenced by bribery and granted 35 million acres in the Yazoo River country to private speculators. The case was turned down because the state laws were not allowed to tamper with the contracts. Dartmouth College vs. Woodward was a case when a college was chartered by the King of England New Hampshire wanted to change the contract that the King had made out. Dartmouth won the case because of private property rights as well as enhancing judicial review. Cohens vs. Virginia was a case when Cohens was selling illegal lottery tickets and was found guilty by the Virginia court and Cohen’s argument was the monopoly that was granted to the state was unconstitutional.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that john marshall was chief justice in many early cases that helped get the supreme court up to the level of power and equal amount of say as the other branches.
  • Explains that marshall did not grant maryland the power to tax the bank of the united states of america. gibbons vs. ogden was a case when the new york legislature influenced by bribery and granted 35 million acres in the yazoo river country.
  • Explains that the missouri compromise tries to make some sort of balance within the states of north and south, but when the state of missouri came in, there was controversy on what this state is considered and how we would maintain equality.
  • Explains that the u.s.-british boundary settlement was peaceful, and the purchase of florida was a proving point that countries were willing to come to terms with us.
  • Explains that henry clay developed the american system that would help the americans profit greatly. nationalism affected many parts of america, from the military to the jobs and inspirations of painters.
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