War of 1812

explanatory Essay
868 words
868 words

The War of 1812 American frigates won a series of single-ship engagements with British frigates, and American privateers continually hurried British shipping. The captains and crew of the frigates constitution and United States became renowned throughout America. Meanwhile, the British gradually tightened a blockade around America's coasts, ruining American trade, threatening American finances, and exposing the entire coastline to British attack. U.S. forces were not ready for war, and American hopes of conquering Canada collapsed in the campaigns of 1812 and 1813. The initial plan called for a three-pronged offensive: from Lake Champlain to Montreal; across the Niagara frontier: and into Upper Canada from Detroit. The attacks were uncoordinated, however, and all failed. In the West, General William Hull surrendered Detroit to the British in August 1812 and on the Niagara front, American troops lost the Battle of Queenston Heights in October. Also along Lake Champlain, the American forces withdrew in late November without seriously engaging the enemy. There was a standoff at Niagara, and an elaborate attempt to attack Montreal by a combined operation involving one force advancing along Lake Champlain and another sailing down the Saint Lawrence River from Lake Ontario. That operation failed at the end of the year. The only success was in the West. The Americans won control of the Detroit frontier region when Oliver Hazard Perry’s ships destroyed the British fleet on Lake Er...

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that american frigates won a series of single-ship engagements and privateers hurried british shipping during the war of 1812. the british blocked american trade, threatened american finances, and exposed the entire coastline to british attack.
  • Explains that american hopes of conquering canada collapsed in the campaigns of 1812 and 1813. the attacks were uncoordinated and all failed.
  • Explains that the only success was in the west, when the americans won control of the detroit frontier region when oliver hazard perry’s ships destroyed the british fleet on lake eric.
  • Explains that the end of the war of 1812 was dependent on what transpired in europe. with napoleon defeated, the british could siphon their forces off to north america.
  • Explains that the negotiations that followed napoleon's defeat also needed the presence of british troops. exhausted by the war, the idea of more fighting with the united states soon became unpopular.
  • Explains how the war of 1812 influenced andrew jackson's policy of removing indians from their land. the bill for indian removal was passed by 1830 and gave the united states the right to move them.
  • Opines that anyone reading the niles register would have been persuaded that the indians were savages and the american militia was victorious in the battles they fought.
  • Explains how the expansion west was affected by the 1812 war and the treaty of ghent, which ensured the united states' pre-war boundaries.
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