List and discuss the events leading up to the War of 1812 and the impact it had on American and Great Britain relations, and the American economy.
The French and Indian War or the Seven Years War was one of the major events that led to the American Revolution. The French and Indian War started in 1754 when George Washington and General Edward Braddock tried to defend the British land that they felt the French were taking with their expansion into the Ohio River valley. In 1755 Governor William Shirley of Massachusetts had many French settlers in the Nova Scotia region moved from that region to avoid any confrontation if these settlers sided with their home country. These people were exiled from their home and moved into British colonies in a very cruel and violent fashion. This is one of the first examples of Britain’s oppressive nature towards people they consider a threat to what they feel is the best solution. The British military effort, at this time, was not as impassioned or successful. Both George Washington and General Braddock suffered major defeats at the hands of the French and their allies, General Braddock was even killed in one of the early battles before this war was officially started. It was not until later in the war that the British were able to successfully defeat the French. The war officially began in 1756 and ended in 1763 but this war is far less important than the major event it caused. More than anything this war was the first step to the American Revolution.
War of 1812:
United States Wages War
The American Revolution did not mark the end of tensions and hostilities between Britain and the newly independent United States. Neither country was pleased with the agreements made at the conclusion of the American Revolution. Americans were angry with the British for failing to withdraw their British soldiers from American territory and their unwillingness to sign trade agreements favorable to the United States.
In 1755, Braddock was dispatched to command the British and colonial forces in North America's first significant battle. With the major aim to capture Fort Duquesne at the forks of the Ohio River Valley, he commanded a force of 1,400 British regulars and 700 colonial militia. After crossing the Monongahela River on July 9, 1755, they were ambushed by 900 French, Canadians, and Native Americans. Braddock refused to allow his men to take cover and arranged them in the British traditional column formation. This allowed the French to easily ambush the British forces because they used the surrounding trees as cover. So, despite the fact that the British outnumbered the French, the French won. In all, the British lost 977 men and the French only lost
Despite the fact that Carleton's armada pushed the Americans away, Arnold's activity postponed Carleton's assault sufficiently long that when the British general got to New York, the fight season was practically finished, and the British needed to backpedal to Canada. Arnold's lead at the Battle of Lake Champlain spared the Patriot cause from potential
After the burning of the White House and the Capitol building in Washington D.C., American forces successfully fought off a major offensive by British forces in Baltimore at Hampstead Hill and Fort McHenry (Hugh, 2012). The British then set their sights on America's access point to the west: New Orleans and the Mississippi River. The British forces planne...
As a country, the United States felt that the War of 1812 was under control and that they were well prepared for any battle any army could throw at them. After the United States won an important battle on Lake Erie in 1813, the American commander, Oliver Hazard Perry, sent the message "We have met the enemy and they are ours." As a new country, America, having just defeated the greatest military strength on the earth, was perhaps overconfident. However, once Great Britain turned all of its attention to defeating the United States, America realized that the fate of her country relied on Baltimore, and Baltimore relied on the protection of Fort McHenry. If Fort McHenry was taken over by the British, the Nation would have been split into two. The fate of the United States rested, to a large extent, on the success or failure of the central prong attack which was being protected by Fort McHenry. If Baltimore had not had Fort McHenry for protection, the city would have been an easy target and our nation would have perished because Baltimore would have lacked the proper protection it needed to prevail.
The American Revolution: the war for our independence. This revolution opened the door to our liberty, freedom, and basically what America is now. Most Americans have heard the stories of famous battles, important people (George Washington for instance), and everything in between. However, this was only for our side of the American Revolution and a small fraction of people have been told of Britain’s campaign of the revolution. The only thing people have been told was the Britain lost the war. What of Britain’s triumphs, strategies, and everything that happened in the span of a few years? Not many people know it, but the British struck a major blow against the Patriots in the last few years of the war. Even though the United States won the American Revolution, Britain struck a major blow against the colonists when the British successfully and brutally took the town of Charleston, South Carolina.
During 1776 the British came up with a strategic plan that would cut off New England from the rest of America. The plan included moving a large force from Montreal South as the main effort moving along the Champlain valley and the Hudson River to Albany while a second smaller column advanced east from Lake as a supporting effort. “Burg...
A few days ago, we were told that we would be overtaking Fort Duquesne. We set off on our march to Fort Duquesne with high hopes of victory. After a few days we were alerted of our approach on Fort Duquesne. Everybody’s hopes seemed high until the first gunshot.