War, Peace and Positioning; Nixon’s Strategic Journey from Vietnam to China

analytical Essay
2043 words
2043 words

Prior to Richard Nixon’s inauguration in January of 1969 there were a plethora of issues on the table, but in foreign policy the most pressing issue was the American involvement in Vietnam. In an attempt to predict the main goals, current realities of the war and possible options for a “victory” in Vietnam a committee was commissioned, named RAND, to layout those predictions. At the head of this RAND committee was Dr. Henry Kissinger, President Nixon’s national security advisor and later Secretary of State. Dr. Kissinger led this study to predetermine Nixon’s foreign policy plan towards Vietnam, and at t the heart of this committee were a series of studies that broke down Vietnam War policies of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. This corporation allowed for they’re to be a stronghold for Nixon with his anticipated struggles, and major problems in foreign policy. The number one problem was clearly American involvement in Vietnam 1969. This also allowed President Nixon to get a jumpstart creating solutions to these struggles when he would actually take office. Also discussed in the study were alternatives and outcomes to policies towards the war. Defining the word “victory” for the Unites States in Vietnam was one of the major struggles and stresses of Nixon in 1969 and something that would stay with him throughout his presidency. With this came to what was attainable for the United States to accomplish “victory”, which was the major objective of the RAND committee. What was found for attainable victories ranged from the Government of Vietnam (GVN) having independent control of the South, to mere territorial accommodations in the South for the GNV. Though all of this the RAND study was an attempt to have an idea how to see...

... middle of paper ...

...d to do anything in his power to prevent a collapse of South Vietnam to communist. This would prove to be President Nixon’s motive to respond to this attack with enormous military force onto the Haiphong Harbor in North Vietnam.

Works Cited

Nixon, Richard M. The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1978. Print.
Anderson, David L. The Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War. New York: Columbia UP, 2002. Print.
Kimball, Jeffrey P. The Vietnam War Files: Uncovering the Secret History of Nixon-era Strategy. Lawrence: University of Kansas, 2004. Print.
Lawrence, Mark Atwood. The Vietnam War: A Concise International History. Oxford [u.a.: Oxford Univ., 2010. Print.
Edmonds, Anthony O. The War in Vietnam. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998. Print
Pratt, John Clark. Vietnam Voices: Perspectives on the War Years, 1941-1982. New York, NY: Penguin, 1984. Print.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains pratt, john clark, vietnam voices: perspectives on the war years, 1941-1982, new york, ny: penguin, 1984.
  • Explains that the rand committee predetermines nixon's foreign policy plan towards vietnam.
  • Analyzes how nixon and his team made a tough choice to go to military actions against the communists. the invasion of cambodia was devastating on many different levels.
  • Analyzes how nixon's 2,000 viet cong casualties were a success for the americans and arvn, but what he and his administration assumed about the cosvn was overblown.
  • Analyzes the positive and negative impacts of invading cambodia on the communists in north vietnam and on america's home front.
  • Explains that nixon was concerned that a major response would devastate his prior negotiations with china and upcoming talks with the ussr.
  • Explains that the invasion helped an american ally, lon nol, with communist infiltration in cambodia and setting down the khmer rouge.
  • Analyzes how the cambodian invasion re-ignited peace talks between the united states and north vietnam.
  • Explains that nixon's memoirs of richard nixon were published by grosset & dunlap in 1978. anderson, david l., kimball, jeffrey p. and lawrence, mark atwood.
Get Access