“Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live.” The bloodiest war in American history was the American Civil War, a conflict on the issue of slavery that had split the nation into two, resulting in more than 620,000 deaths. The election of 1860, granted that Abraham Lincoln was president, many southerners feared him, for that he will terminate slavery once and for all. Consequence of the 1860 election was the secession of eleven southern states from the Union; including South Carolina, Texas, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana.
This war was fought in the minds of great men like Abraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee and the end of the war was the beginning of a slavery free nation. The American Civil War was a horrible event in the history of the world which started from three main causes: slavery, disputes over states' rights, and because of the division which existed between the South and the North. April 12, 181 was a day that would forever live in the history of the United States. On this day, the Southern troops of the Confederate States fired the first shots of the American Civil War on Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C. (World Book 614). Before this day, Americans had an abiding faith in the politics and the democratic ideals on which this new country was based.
No matter a person’s color, gender, background, race, or ethnicity, the United States Civil War affected every person around the globe. If given a short background on the United States Civil War, one would learn this series of battles was based on a nation going to war over maintaining or abolishing the slavery of African Americans on U.S. soil. In the end, the Union armies of the North dramatically defeat the Confederate armies of the South, ending slavery once and for all with Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. All these things might be true but very often the roles of women, blacks, and the white men fighting are forgotten. Every person in every country Clarkson 2 can relate to the battles Americans faced in the mid 1860s.
In December 1819, Maine applied for statehood as a free state. In the end a compromise was reached where Maine would enter the Union as a free state, Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state without restrictions, but in the remaining Louisiana territory slavery would be prohibited north of 36o30' (the Mason-Dixon Line). This is now known as the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise is commonly thought of the beginning of American Sectionalism, although signs were visible long before 1819. The Missouri controversy alerted the South to the need for political unity in order to maintain the "peculiar institution" of slavery and alerted the whole country to the political problems inherent to westward expansion.
During this election, Lincoln became the first Republican president, vowing to abolish slavery. Lincoln winning presidency gave the South a huge disadvantage, slavery was vital to the Southern economy, so this posed a great threat to the South. Immediately after the election, seven southern states seceded from the Union to form a new nation called the Confederate States of America. Lincoln, of course, attempted to avoid disunion, but failed miserably. Therefore, within the first months of his presidency, the Nation was engaged in war.
In 1860 when Abraham Lincoln won the presidency, he pledge with his admirable strong voice to keep slavery out of territories. The Confederate States of America helped form a new nation by the slave states in the South. The Northerner people were not impressed with Lincoln’s decision; they feared that the democracy would create the United States and form smaller countries. War broke out at Fort Sumter in Charleston Bay in 1861, forcing the United States to lower our pride and joy, the flag, and fired their shots on federal garrison. By the end of 1861, around a million armed men shook hands with each other in the two state stretches from Virginia to Missouri.
The American Civil War, which began in 1861 to 1865, has gone down in history as the one of the most significant events to have ever occurred in the United States of America, thus far. At that time, questions had arose wondering how the United States ever got so close to hitting rock bottom, especially being that it was a conflict within the country itself. Hostility steadily grew through the years dividing the nation further and further, and finally leading to the twelfth day in April 1861 in Fort Sumter, North Carolina. The American Civil War was an irrepressible battle and aside from the obvious physical effects of the war, the disagreement over states rights, the act of slavery, and the raising of tariffs played crucial roles in the division of the country as well as the conflicts that followed. At the beginning of Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, he reflects back to the start of his presidency, “All thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war.
Since it eliminated the restriction on slavery north of the 36° 30’ line, antislavery Northerners were outraged, believing that the whole implication was a plot to “turn free territory into a ‘dreary region… inhabited by masters and slaves.’” (Deverell and White 447) Pro-slaver... ... middle of paper ... ...ews of social and political issues, thus causing the most brutal war America has ever encountered. The Missouri Compromise first introduced the growing problem of slavery, which increased rapidly as time moved on. The new Fugitive Slave Law that was set forth and abolitionists led to even more controversy than was already there. By then, both sides were already immeasurably furious at each other. However, when Lincoln was elected president, the South’s anger was so profound, it was enough for them to secede and start the Civil War.
In summary, the confederate states actions were really unconstitutional and a detriment to the nation of America. If allowed to gain legitimacy, they would have destroyed the constitution and the Union so carefully brought together by the Founding Fathers. Abraham Lincoln’s election as president in 1860 gave southern secessionists the chance they had been waiting for. Determined to win independence, eleven states left the union and formed the confederate states of America which resulted in the Civil War, the bloodiest conflict in American history. It ended with the South decisively defeated and the union preserved.
The war affected everyone including women, families, homes, and businesses. The Civil War was one of the most costly wars in American History and has become a valuable part of our history as well. If it wasn’t for the civil war, America wouldn’t be the same. The south would still be separate, and there would still be slavery throughout America.