The Exploration Era was a time period when countries and people made journeys overseas to find “the New World.” With the help of the printing press, the discoveries of the Americas were known globally making people curious to explore it themselves. In the map “Distribution of Columbus’ Letter” (Document D), it shows where the letter was published and where it was translated to different. This is due to the printing press. Along with the many documents, the news of Christopher Columbus’ discoveries of “India” or the New World had sparked the curiosity of people all over the world. People became more interested in geography and seeing what’s out there along with the different resources. The New World discovery opened up a new trade route and different trade items. This would create pros and cons like economic growth and slavery. In addition the exploration of the Europeans helped us gain knowledge and get a picture of the Americas. In the “Henricus Martellus’ World Map, 1489” (Document E), it shows the world as they knew it with Europe, Africa, and Asia. The “Martin Waldseemuller's World Map, 1507” was an updated, more correct version of the world we see today. Waldseemuller’s map includes the Americas and was much bigger than Martellus’. The printing press had helped Waldseemuller use this new knowledge to create a map that would depict something
By 1525, the Europeans had figured out that there was a giant land mass, which was North and South America, and which lied between Europe and Asia.22 Many were inspired by Cortés, and conquest of the Americas radiated in all directions from Mexico.66
Ever since the beginning of travel and exploration, maps have helped people record the specifics of new and unexplored regions of the earth. The earliest maps were crudely drawn by hand and were rough estimates of geographic area based on interpretation of the land. Once people began coloring maps, to designate partitions within regions, the problem arose regarding the necessary number of colors it would take to color a map.
As if the Harris map weren't suggestive enough, other maps have also surfaced. It's a specific map that Menzies points to as definitive proof that the Chinese had already explored the world long before the Europeans ever set sail in the age of exploration. This map, known as the 1418 map -- so called for the date it was supposedly published -- clearly shows all of the world's oceans, as well as all seven continents, correct in shape and situation. Even more startling is the map's accurate depiction of features of North America, including the Potomac River in the Northeast of the present-day United
European contact with the "New World" began with a brief exploration by the Vikings. Knowledge of their new-found land became legend. At the turn of the 16th century, European desire for spices, and contact with Asia encouraged eager explorers to venture into the unknown in order to secure fame and fortune. One such explorer was Christopher Columbus, who was supported by the Spanish government. However, his legacy was not to find a new route to Asia, as he and his financial backers had hoped; instead, he accidentally encountered "new" lands full of long established communities and cultures. These continents were eventually named the Americas, after another early explorer, Amerigo Vespucci.
When Americans are reminded of explorers, the first person to come to mind would be Christopher Columbus, but many other Europeans are involved in the Age of Exploration. The Age of Exploration started out in the 1400s in order to obtain shorter trade routes to India for a quicker way to acquire Indian spices. The European Countries involved would be England, Portugal, Spain, and France. Although there were several different countries attempting to explore, many had different conflicts that arose. For example, the French had the French-Indian war, while other Europeans’ trade ships were often attacked by pirates. However, courageous sailors continued to explore due to the incentive of rulers paying them to find these shorter trade routes. One
Like Ptolemy, cartographers in the Middle Ages greatly impacted the development of maps. According to “The History of: Maps and Mapmaking” powerpoint, “Ptolemy’s maps drew a sense of curiosity to the people of Europe, and prompted new exploration” (San Jose Unified School District). The curiosity in Europe influenced two explorers to venture into unknown territory and make life-changing discoveries. The first of the two explorers, Christopher Columbus, journeyed in 1492 to find a trade route from Spain to Asia. According to the powerpoint Columbus used “Ptolemy’s inaccurate maps,” and as a result of getting lost made one of history’s best discoveries, the New World (SJUSD). The second explorer that greatly changed our world was Ferdinand Magellan. Magellan, like Columbus, was sent to find a trade route from Spain to Asia, but in contrast to Colum...
The Age of Exploration is defined by many different discoveries by sea or land of trade routes to get to certain places for goods ,but the most remembered discoveries in this era was the exploration of the Americas by Christopher Columbus and his crew. It has been said for years that Columbus was the first to find the American land masses ,but in a recent televised speech in Istanbul, the Turkish President claimed that Muslims had found the Americas centuries before the Italian explorer did.
Finally, Columbus’s discovery has led to the ‘Age of Discovery’ (15th-18th century). When Columbus reached the Americas (Figure 5), Europe understood that the ocean wasn’t a barrier anymore and started to explore the rest of the world until the end of the 18th century. This meant that new countries and continents were starting to get explored (like Australia). Christopher Columbus not only discovered the Americas to medieval Europe, he also started the age of discovery, which some consider as the end of the Medieval Ages. (Wikipedia, 2016)
The Europeans found the discovery of the New World, consisting of North America and South America, from wanting to increase in power, wanting contact with a wider world, and for trading or conquest. Europeans came from the Old World consisting of Europe, Africa and Asia. The Europeans were all about exploration and documentation in different places. Luxuries in the East were very rare and cheaper than in Europe. An Italian adventurer, named Marco Polo, told the Europeans luxuries in the East were very rare and cheaper than in Europe, making more Europeans wanting to sail to the East. But the European sailors refused to sail around West Africa from the northerly winds and south-flowing currents. Forcing them to sail west to get to the East, making them run into the Americas. By sailing to the West, with three ships, Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas by reaching the Bahamas in October 12, 1492. When exploring this New World, Columbus came into conflict with the native peoples. Thinking that he had ended up in the Indies, Columbus called the native peoples Indians.
In the article “Your World Map is Wrong. Like, Really, Really Wrong”, the author starts off by naming the weakness of the Mercator projection, which was drawn by Gerardus Mercator in 1569. It is said that the Mercator projection is not to scale, and the location of each country is different from what the Mercator projection taught scholars. For example, it gives obvious situations such as the comparison between the size of Africa and the size of Greenland. On the Mercator projection, these two appear to have around the same land mass, however, in reality, Africa is about 14 times larger than Greenland. It then continues the article with the fact that the Mercator projection is heavily influenced by imperialist power that occured in the past.
The most challenging thing about completing this project sounds silly but it was actually finding a world map at a store. My mom and I went to so many different ones and apparently, no one had them in stock, but we finally found one at Hobby
Vespucci's fleet sailed down the coasts of present-day Brazil and Argentina, explored into the major rivers of the area and, observed the stars visible in the night sky. When he returned to Portugal in July of 1502, Vespucci announced the lands to the west were not Asia, but a different continent altogether. Vespucci’s theory was published all over Europe. He was made pilot-major for Spain, and oversaw the training and licensing of Spanish pilots. He was also made responsible of managing the Spanish Crown's collection of maps and atlases. Overseeing Spain's library of maps and geographical books preserved this valuable information for later generations. Most notably, Amerigo Vespucci's name lives on in the names of the two American continents
The Hereford World Map is the world’s oldest surviving map of the world; it was made in 1300, during the beginning of the Renaissance in Europe. There was a wider range of influences on mapping during the later medieval period. With an increase in exploration, Europe began to evolve into an international continent; widespread travel can be seen by the influences of the Islamic world on architecture. While map making in China had flourished in the 11th C, mapping was beginning to evolve in Europe. By around 1400 there was a peak in map making in Europe. There is evidence of the influence of Roman mapping on medieval maps in Europe. The Medieval world maps but together information from Roman sources to make the world maps in the middle ages known as the mappa mundi, meaning cloth of the world. These were cloth maps, and the name mappa mundi was widely used for them. These world maps were understood by historians as an attempt to show where countries were located, quite often they were not just geographical representations but they were also stories of the world. As knowledge of map making increased during the Renaissance, was a move for wider representations of information on maps. The map became a source of information on the animals and history of the different countries. This can be seen in The Hereford World Map, a map that gives a geometrical representation of the locations of the known countries of the world and also acted as an encyclopaedia of information on various types of animals and where in the world they came from.