Freud’s ideas contradicted “the individual’s essential goodness and rationality” and sided with the notion that the human mind was driven by “irrati... ... middle of paper ... ...id, and symbolizes the universe in its entirety of being a dystopian society. Thus concluding that actions to make a civilized society utopian leads to dystopian reactions due to man’s irrational drives. This claim being supported based on examples in the film Serenity, as well as theoretical support analysis from Freud and Dostoyevsky. Works Cited Dostoyevsky, Fyodor. Notes from Underground.
Twain shows how religion had become a mere outward show without any inward realities. Huck is first exposed to religion by the Widow Douglas. Religion appears to him as a meaningless ritual. Prayer meant to “tuck down [one’s] head and grumble a little over the victuals” (109). He never knew what it meant or why it was done.
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out ev'n to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. "Let me not": the poem begins in the imperative mood. Its action is semantic -- it aims to delineate the allowable parameters of love -- and its goal appears to be air-tightness. I will not grant, the poet asserts, that love includes impediments.
Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind. They ultimately reached a conclusion, a definition of culture in their view that is a contradiction in terms. Boas sates that, “ culture was expressed through the medium of language but was not reducible to it; more importantly, it was not race. Culture became everything race was not, and race was seen to be what culture was not; given, unchangeable biology,” (Visweswaran, p. 72). Not only focusing on culture, but anthropology has a substantial connection as well.
Evidently, James Joyce masterfully executes the Joycean epiphany. He gives readers front row seats to his characters’ journeys of self-discovery. With Joyce, such discoveries are not pleasant but rather filled with sorrow and pessimism. The Joycean epiphanies refuse to bring a glimmer of hope to the darkness of Dublin. Each character realizes the light at the end of the tunnel is just a fantasy in which “social suppression renders love impossible” (Boysen 163).
But Hawthorne is rather writing about Puritanism from a critical vantage point. Because he is not writing from the Puritan point of view, quite significantly his protagonist Hester Prynne, who had come as a part of the early Puritan community which included only the most ardent Puritans who could face the hazardous journey, later “cast away the fragments of a broken chain” and pronounces that “the world’s law was no law for her mind.” Similarly Melville’s character in Moby Dick, Ishmael, who begins with an intolerant Puritan mindset, shuns away the manacles of narrow-minded Puritan subjectivity after coming into close proximity with Queequegg, a savage. Hawthorne, in trying to understand his own situation in ... ... middle of paper ... ... definitely moves out of the Puritan world. Melville on the other hand shows Ishmael as better suited to survive than Ahab. Ishmael’s survival is a testimony of the affirmation of his appreciation of the multitudinous of the world and acceptance of the ‘other’ as against Ahab’s blindness to colour and diversity.
As mentioned in the introduction, Rao never wanted to write as the English, because Indians are shaped by their own culture that influences their writing and language. Therefore, Rao appropriated English as the novels literary language to simplify the traceability of the story through its special narration. Many aspects could not have been told, if a young inhabitant of the village would have told the story without the old women’s wisdom. The “tempo of Indian life” (Rao) and culture should be transmitted through the eyes of a grandmother because she would be more reliable than a young narrator. The reliability of a young narrator would be questioned because (s)he never could have gained that impressions of Kanthapura and the events surrounding the villagers.
In particular, tragedy admits of definition because its parts constitute a unity, and much of the Poetics aims to show how, despite being defined through six distinct parts, tragedy can be one. In contrast, history, though a proper preliminary to poetics and concerned also with human action, does not admit of scientific treatment because it contains no essential unities. Aristotle’s understanding of ‘science’ is used here to explain why any attempt to create a scientific history would turn history into poetry. I Aristotle claims that the art of dialectic sketched in the Topics contributes to philosophical knowledge because it can be used to find indemonstrable first principles from common opinions: "for, being capable of examining, dialectic has a path to the principles of all disciplines" (õB¤ £œŸæ›à¤) (I.2.101b3-4). Scientific knowledge of a subject consists of grasping its principles and demonstrating its essential attributes from them.
Given societal notions of disillusionment and ennui associated with the departure from religion and the gravitation towards reality and scientific fact, modern artwork has evolved to reflect a subsequently flattened state of human emotion. William Barrett presents this concept through his discussion of Modern Art in The Irrational Man, depicting the psychological underpinnings of this progression of artistic style. In the tragic comedy of Waiting for Godot, Samuel Beckett demonstrates that literature is no exception to modern art’s capturing of an evolved human spirit – which might itself be flattened more so than its artistic manifestation. Through Estragon and Vladamir, Beckett attempts to reveal how life perpetually challenges people to endure waiting as means of achieving the next level of satisfaction and understanding of life’s meaning. At the same time, he undermines the worthiness of such commitment by presenting Godot with tormenting ambiguity and by leaving his two protagonists ultimately unfulfilled.
as Shakespeare contrasts the intellect of the aristocracy with the brute force of the underclass. Hence, divergent viewpoints function as symptoms of complex attitudes to truth and disparate behavioural systems and values. In conclusion, through an examination of various viewpoints of contentious events, characters and ideologies, Shakespeare and Huxley offer language, meaning and the human experience thenceforth derived to be engendered upon innately unstable linguistic foundations. Works Cited Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World.