Sleepiness, whether due to sleep apnea, heavy snoring, idiopathic hypersomnolence, narcolepsy or insomnia from any number of sleep-related disorders, threatens millions of Americans' health and economic security (1). Perhaps somewhat most concerning of these disorders are those that allow sleep without having any control over when it happens-idiopathic hypersomnolence and narcolepsy. The two are closely related in that both cause individuals to fall asleep without such control, yet narcolepsy occurs without any dreaming during naps (2). For years, narcoleptic people have been falling asleep in corners, concerned, as they have given numerous attempts to try to stay focused and awake. But besides the excessive fatigue that people experience, there surely must be more that can be associated with causing such sleepiness among people at an uncontrolled level. There might especially not be a reason involving the I-function of the brain, as people are not aware of when necessarily they will fall into their deep sleep.
O'Brien, James C. (2004). Facts about narcolepsy – frequently asked questions. Retrieved April 2, 2004, from http://www.talkaboutsleep.com/sleepdisorders/
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that inhibits a person's ability to function normally in society. Narcolepsy causes a person to fall asleep, almost spontaneously, regardless of the situation they are in. The sufferer could be at school, work, or a grocery store, and suddenly experience an intense haze of drowsiness. Suddenly the sensation overcomes the narcoleptic, and they fall victim to sleep. Usually this sleep state lasts for only a few moments, with the narcoleptic waking almost as quickly as they had fallen asleep. In other instances, the sleep state lasts for minutes; the narcoleptic waking up is not aware they had fallen asleep, they may also become frightened, or confused about events that happened prior to their "sleep attack." About 200,000 people in the United States have narcolepsy, making it a serious mental illness (narcolepsynetwork.org). Despite the number of people who have this disorder, however, only a small amount of information is available on narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a fascinating disease that is looked over by society, if narcolepsy awareness becomes more wide-spread, then people will have a reason to pay attention to how serious this sleep-disorder really is.
Sleep and Sleep Disorders. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 July 2013. Web. 7 May 2014. .
"Narcolepsy and Sleep | National Sleep Foundation - Information on Sleep Health and Safety." National Sleep Foundation - Information on Sleep Health and Safety | Information on Sleep Health and Safety. Web. 17 June 2010.
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder characterized by symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, usually beginning in teenagers or young adults and affects both sexes equally. Narcolepsy continues to cause the sufferer severe negative life effects. Narcoleptics often experience severe psychosocial stress. Child and adolescent narcoleptics are often reported experiencing embarrassment, loneliness, loss of self-worth, and failure in their academics. Adult narcoleptics tend to face the concerns of their daily life. Often worrying about losing their jobs. Treatment options for narcolepsy include drug and behavioral therapies. The treatment is individualized, depending on the types and severity of the symptoms, the life conditions
Sleep disorders can be broadly defined as an alteration in a person’s sleep cycle. Sleep disorders, being so broad can encompass several common sleep disturbances that humans deal with. Among these disturbances are, including but not limited to; Nightmares, sleepwalking, insomnia, sleep apnea, and narcolepsy. Depending on the severity of, and type of sleep disorder a person has, it can cause significant harm to the amount of sleep they get, only exacerbating the problem.
Narcolepsy is where a person falls asleep randomly and suddenly, they have no control over it. The sleeping fit could last from fifteen minutes up to an hour. These fits are quite dangerous to the person as they could be driving, walking in the street, they can occur anywhere at any given time. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes says that, “Narcolepsy affects both males and females equally. Symptoms often start in childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood (ages 7 to 25), but can occur at any time in life. It is estimated that anywhere from 135,000 to 200,000 people in the United States have narcolepsy. However, since this condition often goes undiagnosed, the number may be higher. of narcolepsy can be genetic, from an autoimmune disorder, or from a brain injury”. Narcolepsy has no cure but can be treated. Treatment include prescribed medications by doctors, taking short naps throughout the day, avoiding caffeine two hours before bed, relaxing before bed, and trying to get into a normal sleep
Sleeping disturbances can be caused my multiple factors. However, some of the key elements that can lead to sleeping troubles are “physical, medical, depression, and environmental” (Roddick & Cherney, 2016). In studies, insomnia is known to be one of the most common sleeping disorders in the U.S.; Insomnia is refer to the inability to remain or fall asleep due to stress, anxiety, and health issues. According to a few studies, half of the American adults in the U.S. experience insomnia at some stage in their lives either through stress, depression or anxiety disorders. Even drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine found in cigarettes will postpone one’s ability to catch some sleep. For example, one of the major factors of sleeping disorders is stress. Most people today are constantly on the go and worrying about, providing for their families, the economy fluctuation, this can lead to financial, marital or family problems (Roddick & Cherney, 2016). Although these are only a few of the things that cause sleep disturbance and the list could go on and on, but we have the power to control and change our
Do you have one of the sleep disorders we discussed? What are its effects on you? (Ch.5)